Reading for Lesson 4:
 selections from The Qur'an
 
based on a translation by M.H. Shakir, published by Tahrike Tarsile Qur'an, Inc. (1983)

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The Opening

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[1.1] Every praise is owed to God, Lord of the Worlds,
[1.2] Compassionate, forgiving
[1.3] Ruler of judgment day.
[1.4] We serve you and call upon you for help
[1.5] To keep us going the way
[1.6] Of those you favor and do not destroy.


The Cow

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[2.1] Alif Lam Mim.
[2.2] This guide, there is no doubt about it, is for those who are aware of God,
[2.3] Those who believe in the unseen, keep prayer, and spend God's gifts in God's causes.
[2.4] The Lord guides the faithful in the revelation sent down to you [Muhammad] and in revelations sent before you. Those who place their faith firmly in the time to come
[2.5] Are guided by the Lord and they shall succeed.

[2.6] As for those who disbelieve, whether they are warned or not warned,
[2.7] God has closed their minds, shut their ears and covered their eyes. They will fail in the time to come.

[2.8] Some people say, "we believe in God and in the day of judgment," when in truth they do not believe.
[2.9] They would deceive God and the believers, but they trick only themselves -- and they fail to realize it.
[2.10] There is an illness in their minds, to which in the future God will add pain because of their deceit.
[2.11] When they are told, "stop making trouble in the land," they answer: "we are just doing what is right,"
[2.12] But they are causing trouble, and fail to realize it.
[2.13] When they are told, "believe as the people believe," they answer: "shall we believe like fools?" They are the fools, and fail to realize it.
[2.14] In the company of believers they say: "we believe," but when they are alone with their bad spirits, they say: "we are with you -- we were only mocking the others."
[2.15] God will mock them, by giving them more freedom to wander blindly in their pride.
[2.16] They have acquired error instead of guidance, so their trade has no profit. It is misguided.
[2.17] They would start a fire to light up everything around them, but without God they are in utter darkness, unable to see.
[2.18] Deaf, dumb and blind, they will never find the way.
[2.19] In the dark of a cloudburst, they stick their fingers in their ears to keep the thunderclaps from killing them -- so God surrounds the nonbelievers --
[2.20] But when the lightning flashes they can make progress, and as soon as it is dark again they are blind. If God wished, they would lose their hearing and sight altogether. God has power over everything.
[2.21] People, serve your Lord who created you and those before you,  so that you will be mindful
[2.22] Who spread out the earth for you, who built the sky, and who sends down the rain that brings forth fruits for your sustenance: as you know this, do not set up rivals to God.

[2.23] If you doubt the revelation that we sent down to Our servant, then try to produce a single chapter like it; call for testimony from others than God, if you like.
[2.24] But if you cannot do this -- and you never will do it -- then beware of the fire that is ready for nonbelievers. It burns men and stones.
[2.25] [Prophet] convey good news to those who believe and do good deeds: they shall have gardens in which rivers flow. Whenever they are given some of the fruits of these gardens, they will say: this is what was given to us before, because they were provided with the like. Their spouses will be faithful, and there they will remain.
[2.26] God is not ashamed to be compared to a tiny gnat or any thing greater than that. The believers know the meaning, but those who disbelieve say: "What is it that God means by such a comparison?" It leads many astray and many others to be guided. Only unbelievers are misled:
[2.27] Those who break the covenant of God after its confirmation, those who cut the ties that God has ordered, and those who spread corruption in the land. They are losers.
[2.28] You were dead and God gave you life, so how can you deny him? He will cause you to die again and again bring you to life and return to him.
[2.29] He is the one who created all that is in the earth for you, and the seven heavens. He knows all things.
[2.30] [Prophet] when your Lord said to the angels, I am going to put a caliph on earth, they said: "How can you put someone there who will cause so much damage and bloodshed, when we are to celebrate you and praise your holiness?" He said: "I know what you do not know."
[2.31] He taught Adam all the names of things, then showed them to the angels and said: "Tell me the names of these things, if you know so much."
[2.32] They said: "Glory be to you! We know nothing except what you have taught us. You are the all-knowing one, the all-wise."
[2.33] He said: "Adam! tell them the names." After Adam recited the names, God said to them: "Did I not tell you that I know what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and that I know both what you disclose and what you try to conceal?"
[2.34] We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves to Adam," and they prostrated themselves, but Iblis refused. He was proud, and he was one who disobeyed.
[2.35] And We said: "Adam, you and your mate will live in the garden and take as much fruit as you want to eat, but do not approach this tree, for then you will do wrong."
[2.36] But the bad spirit made them fall, removed them from the state they had been in. We said: "You are wrong-doers! All of you must leave now, but you will find livelihood on earth where you will stay for a time."
[2.37] Then Adam received kind words from his Lord, who turned to him mercifully. He is ever-forgiving, most merciful.
[2.38] "We said that all of you must leave this state, but when guidance comes from me, as it surely will, those who follow it will have nothing to fear. They will not be sorry.
[2.39] Those who disbelieve and reject our messages will live in the fire, and there they will remain."

[2.40] Children of Israel, recall how I blessed you. Be faithful in your promises to me, and I will fulfill my promises to you. Fear none but me.
[2.41] Believe in the message I send. It confirms the messages you already have received. Be not the first to deny it. Do not doubt my words. Fear none but me.
[2.42] Do not mix truth with lies, or cover up what you know.
[2.43] Keep up prayer, pay the alms-tax, and bow your head with those who bow down.
[2.44] How can you tell others to do good if you fail to do it, even after  you know the scriptures? Have you no understanding?
[2.45] Get help with resolve and prayer -- these are hard for all but the humble ones to accept.
[2.46] They appreciate that they will return and meet their Lord.
[2.47] Children of Israel, remember that I gave you my favor. You excelled among nations.
[2.48] Keep watch for a day when no soul will be helped by any other, no pleading for it will be accepted, no payment for it will be taken. There will be no help.
[2.49] We saved you from Pharaoh's people, who tormented you, killing your sons and taking your women, for in this there had been a great trial from your Lord.
[2.50] We saved you by parting the sea for you, and you watched as Pharaoh's followers drowned.
[2.51] When you had to wait forty nights for Moses, and you were untrue to him and  idolized the calf,
[2.52] Be thankful that we spared you,
[2.53] And gave the laws to Moses so that that you could walk aright.
[2.54] Moses said: "My people! You have been unfaithful to yourselves by taking a calf  for god. Ask forgiveness of your creator, and kill the faithless among you, as that will best please your creator.' He spared you. He is most merciful.
[2.55] You said:  'Moses, we will not believe you until we see God  face to face.' The thunderbolts struck you while you looked on.
[2.56] After your death, we raised you up, so be thankful.
[2.57] We made clouds for shade, and we sent you manna and quails and we told you: 'Eat the good things that we have provided for you.' They did not harm us. They harmed themselves.
[2.58] We said: "Enter our city and eat wherever food you wish, but enter the gate meekly and beg 'Relieve us.' We will forgive you for your wrongs and increase the portions of those who have done well."
[2.59] But wrongdoers accepted a different word from that had been spoken to them, so from the heavens we sent down a plague upon them.
[2.60] When Moses prayed for drink for his people, we said: "Strike the rock with your staff." So there gushed from it twelve springs, and each tribe had a drinking place. Eat and drink what God provides. Do not pollute the land.
[2.61] You said: "Moses, we are tired of always eating the same stuff, so pray to God that we may grow herbs and cucumbers and garlic and lentils and onions." He answered: "Will you give up that which is better for that which is worse? Go back to Egypt and you will find what you are asking for." Frustration and plague were brought down upon them. They drew God's anger upon themselves because, contrary to all that is right, they ignored his messages and killed his prophets. They were disobedient breakers of the law.

[2.62] For sure, those who believe, whether they are Jews or Christians or Sabians, those who believe in God and the last day and do good, shall be rewarded by their God. Fear nothing for them; they shall not grieve.
[2.63] Remember when we took your promise, we who made the mountain that towers over you. We said: "Hold on to our instructions and keep their contents in mind so that you will think of God."
[2.64] But you turned away after that, and you would have been lost, except for God's favor and mercy on you.
[2.65] You knew the ones among you who broke the Sabbath rules. We said to them: be like apes, be outcasts.
[2.66] We made them an example to those who witnessed it, and to those who come after, a lesson to all who are mindful of God.

[2.67] Moses said to his people: God commands you to sacrifice a cow. You must be kidding us, they answered. He said: God keep me from being so thoughtless.
[2.68] They said: Then ask your Lord to show us what kind of cow he means. Moses replied: God says, it must be a cow that is neither old nor young, of perfect age. Now do as you are commanded.
[2.69] They said: Ask your Lord to tell us what color of cow he means. Moses answered: God says it must be golden, bright golden, nice to look at.
[2.70] They said: Ask your Lord to tell us exactly which cow he means, for to us all of the cows seem alike, so we need God's guidance.
[2.71] Moses replied: God says, the perfect, unblemished cow he wants slaughtered is one that never tilled the earth or watered the fields. They said: Now we understand you. So they destroyed it, although they did not want to do it.
[2.72] Only God brings back the body that you try to hide after you kill a man, and begin blaming one another for it,
[2.73] So we say: strike the cow. God will bring the dead back to life. He shows his signs so that you may understand.
[2.74] Yet their hearts hardened after that, so that they were like rocks, or harder, for some rocks contain springs of flowing water, and others fall down in fear of God. He is not unaware of what you do.

[2.75] Do you [prophet] then hope that such people as these will believe in you, when they used to hear and understand the word of God, but nevertheless twisted its meaning?
[2.76] When they meet believers, they say: we believe. When they are alone among themselves they say: why would you speak to anybody  about God's revelation? They will use it to argue against you before your Lord? Don't you understand?
[2.77] They do not realize that God knows their secrets as well as he knows what they say in public.
[
2.78] Some of them are ignorant of the scripture and merely conjecture about it.
[2.79] Woe to those who write down anything with their hands and then say: This is from God. They want to make a little profit, but they will earn nothing but woe.
[2.80] They claim that the fire will burn us only for a few days. Ask them [prophet]: do you have God's promise about that? For God will never break a promise. Or do you speak about God what you do not know?
[2.81] Yes, those who do evil will have their sins beset them on every side. They are the prisoners of the fire. In it they shall stay.
[2.82] As for those who believe and do good deeds, they are the dwellers of the garden; there they stay.

[2.83] We made a contract with the children of Israel: you must not serve any but God, you must do good to your parents, and your kin, and orphans and the needy, you must speak good words to all people, you must keep up prayers and pay the poor-tax. But you turned away and ignored your promises, all except a few of you.
[2.84] We made a contract with you: You shall not shed one another's blood, and you shall not drive one another from your homes. You swore it at the time, and you can testify to it.
[2.85] Yet you now kill one another, and you help other wrongdoers in their aggressions to throw some of your own people out of their homes. And if you hold them captive, you demand ransom for them, even though it was wrong for you to hold them. Do you believe in some parts of the scriptures but not in other parts? Your punishment will be disgrace in this life, and on the day of resurrection to be condemned to ferocious torment.  God does not ignore what you do.
[2.86] For those who buy the life of this world at the price of the hereafter, their punishment never will be lightened, nor will they ever  receive help.

[2.87] We gave Moses the scripture, and then we sent messengers after him, one after another. We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear signs, and we strengthened him with the holy spirit. So what is it with you arrogant ones? Whenever a messenger comes to you with words you do not like to hear, you call them imposters or kill them?
[2.88] They say: Our minds are made up. God has cursed them on account of their unbelief, so little they believe.
[2.89] When a book came to them from God verifying that which they have, they used it to pray for victory against nonbelievers, but when a prophet came among them, they did not recognize him. They disbelieved in him, so God's curse is on them.
[2.90] They have evilly sold their souls. They deny what God has revealed, out of envy that God sent down of his grace on whomsoever of his servants he pleased. They have made themselves deserving of wrath upon wrath. A disgraceful punishment awaits them.
[2.91] It is said to them, believe in what God has revealed. But they answer: we believe in that which was revealed to us in the past. They deny what else is revealed, even when it confirms the the truth they already received. Say [prophet]: if indeed you were believers before, then why did you kill God's prophets?
[2.92] In truth Moses came to you with clear arguments, but in his absence you took the calf for a god, and you were unjust.
[2.93] We made a contract with you and we held the mountain over your head, saying: listen and accept what we have told you. They heard and disobeyed. With false belief in their hearts, they were drunk with the love of the calf. Say [prophet]: if you believe, how evil are the things your belief leads you to do!
[2.94] Say: if you really believe that a final place with God is specially reserved for you, to the exclusion of other people, then call for death.
[2.95] They will never long for death on account of what their hands  have done. God knows what they do.
[2.96] They are the greediest of all people for life--greedier than even the polytheists. Every one of them wants to be granted a life of a thousand years. But even such a long life will not prevent their punishment. God sees what they do.

[2.97] Say: whoever is the enemy of Gabriel-- who revealed the Qu'ran to you by God's command, confirming the guidance of previous scriptures and bringing good news for the believers--
[2.98] Whoever is the enemy of God and his angels and his messengers,  and Gabriel and Michael, such unbelievers are surely the enemies of God.
[2.99] We have sent clear messages to you, and only the defiant refuse to believe them.
[2.100] What! whenever they make a contract, some of them throw it away? No, most do not believe.
[2.101] When there came to them a messenger from God confirming the messages that they already had, some who had believed before tossed the Book of God behind their backs as if they had no understanding of it.
[2.102] Instead they believed what the bad spirits had invented in the time of Solomon, not that Solomon was not an unbeliever, but the bad spirits disbelieved.  They taught people sorcery and everything that the Babylonians had learned from the two angels, Harut and Marut. Yet these two never taught anybody unless they added, "We show you this temptation, but do not become a disbeliever." From these two, people learned magic that can separate a man and his wife, although it harms no one except with God's permission. This learning brought harm, not benefit, for the bad spirits knew that anyone using this knowledge would have no share of good in the hereafter. Evil was the price for which they sold their souls, if only they had known.
[2.103] And if they had believed and been mindful of God, their reward from him would have been far better, if only they had known.
[2.104] Believers, do not say Raina and say Unzurna and listen, and for the unbelievers there is a painful chastisement.
[2.105] Those who disbelieve from among the followers of the Book do not like, nor do the polytheists, that the good should be sent down to you from your Lord, and God chooses especially whom He pleases for His mercy, and God is the Lord of mighty grace.
[2.106] Whatever communications We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring one better than it or like it. Do you not know that God has power over all things?
[2.107] Do you not know that God's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and that besides God you have no guardian or helper?
[2.108] Rather you wish to put questions to your Apostle, as Moses was questioned before; and whoever adopts unbelief instead of faith, he indeed has lost the right direction of the way.
[2.109] Many of the followers of the Book wish that they could turn you back into unbelievers after your faith, out of envy from themselves, (even) after the truth has become manifest to them; but pardon and forgive, so that God should bring about His command; surely God has power over all things.
[2.110] And keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and whatever good you send before for yourselves, you shall find it with God; surely God sees what you do.
[2.111] And they say: None shall enter the garden (or paradise) except he who is a Jew or a Christian. These are their vain desires. Say: Bring your proof if you are truthful.
[2.112] Yes! whoever submits himself entirely to God and he is the doer of good (to others) he has his reward from his Lord, and there is no fear for him nor shall he grieve.
[2.113] And the Jews say: The Christians do not follow anything (good) and the Christians say: The Jews do not follow anything (good) while they recite the (same) Book. Even thus say those who have no knowledge, like to what they say; so God shall judge between them on the day of resurrection in what they differ.
[2.114] And who is more unjust than he who prevents (men) from the masjids of God, that His name should be remembered in them, and strives to ruin them? (As for) these, it was not proper for them that they should have entered them except in fear; they shall meet with disgrace in this world, and they shall have great chastisement in the hereafter.
[2.115] And God's is the East and the West, therefore, whither you turn, thither is God's purpose; surely God is Amplegiving, Knowing.
[2.116] And they say: God has taken to himself a son. Glory be to Him; rather, whatever is in the heavens and the earth is His; all are obedient to Him.
[2.117] Wonderful Originator of the heavens and the earth, and when He decrees an affair, He only says to it, Be, so there it is.
[2.118] And those who have no knowledge say: Why does not God speak to us or a sign come to us? Even thus said those before them, the like of what they say; their hearts are all alike. Indeed We have made the communications clear for a people who are sure.
[2.119] Surely We have sent you with the truth as a bearer of good news and as a warner, and you shall not be called upon to answer for the companions of the flaming fire.
[2.120] And the Jews will not be pleased with you, nor the Christians until you follow their religion. Say: Surely God's guidance, that is the (true) guidance. And if you follow their desires after the knowledge that has come to you, you shall have no guardian from God, nor any helper.
[2.121] Those to whom We have given the Book read it as it ought to be read. These believe in it; and whoever disbelieves in it, these it is that are the losers.
[2.122] O children of Israel, call to mind My favor which I bestowed on you and that I made you excel the nations.
[2.123] And.be on your guard against a day when no soul shall avail another in the least neither shall any compensation be accepted from it, nor shall intercession profit it, nor shall they be helped.
[2.124] And when his Lord tried Ibrahim with certain words, he fulfilled them. He said: Surely I will make you an Imam of men. Ibrahim said: And of my offspring? My covenant does not include the unjust, said He.
[2.125] And when We made the House a pilgrimage for men and a (place of) security, and: Appoint for yourselves a place of prayer on the standing-place of Ibrahim. And We enjoined Ibrahim and Ismail saying: Purify My House for those who visit (it) and those who abide (in it) for devotion and those who bow down (and) those who prostrate themselves.
[2.126] And when Ibrahim said: My Lord, make it a secure town and provide its people with fruits, such of them as believe in God and the last day. He said: And whoever disbelieves, I will grant him enjoyment for a short while, then I will drive him to the chastisement of the fire; and it is an evil destination.
[2.127] And when Ibrahim and Ismail raised the foundations of the House: Our Lord! accept from us; surely Thou art the Hearing, the Knowing:
[2.128] Our Lord! and make us both submissive to Thee and (raise) from our offspring a nation submitting to Thee, and show us our ways of devotion and turn to us (mercifully), surely Thou art the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
[2.129] Our Lord! and raise up in them an Apostle from among them who shall recite to them Thy communications and teach them the Book and the wisdom, and purify them; surely Thou art the Mighty, the Wise.
[2.130] And who forsakes the religion of Ibrahim but he who makes himself a fool, and most certainly We chose him in this world, and in the hereafter he is most surely among the righteous.
[2.131] When his Lord said to him, Be a Muslim, he said: I submit myself to the Lord of the worlds.
[2.132] And the same did Ibrahim enjoin on his sons and (so did) Yaqoub. O my sons! surely God has chosen for you (this) faith, therefore die not unless you are Muslims.
[2.133] Nay! were you witnesses when death visited Yaqoub, when he said to his sons: What will you serve after me? They said: We will serve your God and the God of your fathers, Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq, one God only, and to Him do we submit.
[2.134] This is a people that have passed away; they shall have what they earned and you shall have what you earn, and you shall not be called upon to answer for what they did.
[2.135] And they say: Be Jews or Christians, you will be on the right course. Say: Nay! (we follow) the religion of Ibrahim, the Hanif, and he was not one of the polytheists.
[2.136] Say: We believe in God and (in) that which had been revealed to us, and (in) that which was revealed to Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq and Yaqoub and the tribes, and (in) that which was given to Moses and Jesus, and (in) that which was given to the prophets from their Lord, we do not make any distinction between any of them, and to Him do we submit.
[2.137] If then they believe as you believe in Him, they are indeed on the right course, and if they turn back, then they are only in great opposition, so God will suffice you against them, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
[2.138] (Receive) the baptism of God, and who is better than God in baptising? and Him do we serve.
[2.139] Say: Do you dispute with us about God, and He is our Lord and your Lord, and we shall have our deeds and you shall have your deeds, and we are sincere to Him.
[2.140] Nay! do you say that Ibrahim and Ismail and Yaqoub and the tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Are you better knowing or God? And who is more unjust than he who conceals a testimony that he has from God? And God is not at all heedless of what you do.
[2.141] This is a people that have passed away; they shall have what they earned and you shall have what you earn, and you shall not be called upon to answer for what they did.
[2.142] The fools among the people will say: What has turned them from their qiblah which they had? Say: The East and the West belong only to God; He guides whom He likes to the right path.
[2.143] And thus We have made you a medium (just) nation that you may be the bearers of witness to the people and (that) the Apostle may be a bearer of witness to you; and We did not make that which you would have to be the qiblah but that We might distinguish him who follows the Apostle from him who turns back upon his heels, and this was surely hard except for those whom God has guided aright; and God was not going to make your faith to be fruitless; most surely God is Affectionate, Merciful to the people.
[2.144] Indeed We see the turning of your face to heaven, so We shall surely turn you to a qiblah which you shall like; turn then your face towards the Sacred Mosque, and wherever you are, turn your face towards it, and those who have been given the Book most surely know that it is the truth from their Lord; and God is not at all heedless of what they do.
[2.145] And even if you bring to those who have been given the Book every sign they would not follow your qiblah, nor can you be a follower of their qiblah, neither are they the followers of each other's qiblah, and if you follow their desires after the knowledge that has come to you, then you shall most surely be among the unjust.
[2.146] Those whom We have given the Book recognize him as they recognize their sons, and a party of them most surely conceal the truth while they know (it).
[2.147] The truth is from your Lord, therefore you should not be of the doubters.
[2.148] And every one has a direction to which he should turn, therefore hasten to (do) good works; wherever you are, God will bring you all together; surely God has power over all things.
[2.149] And from whatsoever place you come forth, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque; and surely it is the very truth from your Lord, and God is not at all heedless of what you do.
[2.150] And from whatsoever place you come forth, turn your face towards the Sacred Mosque; and wherever you are turn your faces towards it, so that people shall have no accusation against you, except such of them as are unjust; so do not fear them, and fear Me, that I may complete My favor on you and that you may walk on the right course.
[2.151] Even as We have sent among you an Apostle from among you who recites to you Our communications and purifies you and teaches you the Book and the wisdom and teaches you that which you did not know.
[2.152] Therefore remember Me, I will remember you, and be thankful to Me, and do not be ungrateful to Me.
[2.153] O you who believe! seek assistance through patience and prayer; surely God is with the patient.
[2.154] And do not speak of those who are slain in God's way as dead; nay, (they are) alive, but you do not perceive.
[2.155] And We will most certainly try you with somewhat of fear and hunger and loss of property and lives and fruits; and give good news to the patient,
[2.156] Who, when a misfortune befalls them, say: Surely we are God's and to Him we shall surely return.
[2.157] Those are they on whom are blessings and mercy from their Lord, and those are the followers of the right course.
[2.158] Surely the Safa and the Marwa are among the signs appointed by God; so whoever makes a pilgrimage to the House or pays a visit (to it), there is no blame on him if he goes round them both; and whoever does good spontaneously, then surely God is Grateful, Knowing.
[2.159] Surely those who conceal the clear proofs and the guidance that We revealed after We made it clear in the Book for men, these it is whom God shall curse, and those who curse shall curse them (too).
[2.160] Except those who repent and amend and make manifest (the truth), these it is to whom I turn (mercifully); and I am the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
[2.161] Surely those who disbelieve and die while they are disbelievers, these it is on whom is the curse of God and the angels and men all;
[2.162] Abiding in it; their chastisement shall not be lightened nor shall they be given respite.
[2.163] And your God is one God! there is no god but He; He is the Beneficent, the Merciful.
[2.164] Most surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day, and the ships that run in the sea with that which profits men, and the water that God sends down from the cloud, then gives life with it to the earth after its death and spreads in it all (kinds of) animals, and the changing of the winds and the clouds made subservient between the heaven and the earth, there are signs for a people who understand.
[2.165] And there are some among men who take for themselves objects of worship besides God, whom they love as they love God, and those who believe are stronger in love for God and O, that those who are unjust had seen, when they see the chastisement, that the power is wholly God's and that God is severe in requiting (evil).
[2.166] When those who were followed shall renounce those who followed (them), and they see the chastisement and their ties are cut asunder.
[2.167] And those who followed shall say: Had there been for us a return, then we would renounce them as they have renounced us. Thus will God show them their deeds to be intense regret to them, and they shall not come forth from the fire.
[2.168] O men! eat the lawful and good things out of what is in the earth, and do not follow the footsteps of the Shaitan; surely he is your open enemy.
[2.169] He only enjoins you evil and indecency, and that you may speak against God what you do not know.
[2.170] And when it is said to them, Follow what God has revealed, they say: Nay! we follow what we found our fathers upon. What! and though their fathers had no sense at all, nor did they follow the right way.
[2.171] And the parable of those who disbelieve is as the parable of one who calls out to that which hears no more than a call and a cry; deaf, dumb (and) blind, so they do not understand.
[2.172] O you who believe! eat of the good things that We have provided you with, and give thanks to God if Him it is that you serve.
[2.173] He has only forbidden you what dies of itself, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that over which any other (name) than (that of) God has been invoked; but whoever is driven to necessity, not desiring, nor exceeding the limit, no sin shall be upon him; surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[2.174] Surely those who conceal any part of the Book that God has revealed and take for it a small price, they eat nothing but fire into their bellies, and God will not speak to them on the day of resurrection, nor will He purify them, and they shall have a painful chastisement.
[2.175] These are they who buy error for the right direction and chastisement for forgiveness; how bold they are to encounter fire.
[2.176] This is because God has revealed the Book with the truth; and surely those who go against the Book are in a great opposition.
[2.177] It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the East and the West, but righteousness is this that one should believe in God and the last day and the angels and the Book and the prophets, and give away wealth out of love for Him to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and the beggars and for (the emancipation of) the captives, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate; and the performers of their promise when they make a promise, and the patient in distress and affliction and in time of conflicts-- these are they who are {rue (to themselves) and these are they who guard (against evil).
[2.178] O you who believe! retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the slain, the free for the free, and the slave for the slave, and the female for the female, but if any remission is made to any one by his (aggrieved) brother, then prosecution (for the bloodwit) should be made according to usage, and payment should be made to him in a good manner; this is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy; so whoever exceeds the limit after this he shall have a painful chastisement.
[2.179] And there is life for you in (the law of) retaliation, O men of understanding, that you may guard yourselves.
[2.180] Bequest is prescribed for you when death approaches one of you, if he leaves behind wealth for parents and near relatives, according to usage, a duty (incumbent) upon those who guard (against evil).
[2.181] Whoever then alters it after he has heard it, the sin of it then is only upon those who alter it; surely God is Hearing, Knowing.
[2.182] But he who fears an inclination to a wrong course or an act of disobedience on the part of the testator, and effects an agreement between the parties, there is no blame on him. Surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[2.183] O you who believe! fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may guard (against evil).
[2.184] For a certain number of days; but whoever among you is sick or on a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; and those who are not able to do it may effect a redemption by feeding a poor man; so whoever does good spontaneously it is better for him; and that you fast is better for you if you know.
[2.185] The month of Ramazan is that in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance to men and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction; therefore whoever of you is present in the month, he shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey, then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days; God desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficulty, and (He desires) that you should complete the number and that you should exalt the greatness of God for His having guided you and that you may give thanks.
[2.186] And when My servants ask you concerning Me, then surely I am very near; I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calls on Me, so they should answer My call and believe in Me that they may walk in the right way.
[2.187] It is made lawful to you to go into your wives on the night of the fast; they are an apparel for you and you are an apparel for them; God knew that you acted unfaithfully to yourselves, so He has turned to you (mercifully) and removed from you (this burden); so now be in contact with them and seek what God has ordained for you, and eat and drink until the whiteness of the day becomes distinct from the blackness of the night at dawn, then complete the fast till night, and have not contact with them while you keep to the mosques; these are the limits of God, so do not go near them. Thus does God make clear His communications for men that they may guard (against evil).
[2.188] And do not swallow up your property among yourselves by false means, neither seek to gain access thereby to the judges, so that you may swallow up a part of the property of men wrongfully while you know.
[2.189] They ask you concerning the new moon. Say: They are times appointed for (the benefit of) men, and (for) the pilgrimage; and it is not righteousness that you should enter the houses at their backs, but righteousness is this that one should guard (against evil); and go into the houses by their doors and be careful (of your duty) to God, that you may be successful.
[2.190] And fight in the way of God with those who fight with you, and do not exceed the limits, surely God does not love those who exceed the limits.
[2.191] And kill them wherever you find them, and drive them out from whence they drove you out, and persecution is severer than slaughter, and do not fight with them at the Sacred Mosque until they fight with you in it, but if they do fight you, then slay them; such is the recompense of the unbelievers.
[2.192] But if they desist, then surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[2.193] And fight with them until there is no persecution, and religion should be only for God, but if they desist, then there should be no hostility except against the oppressors.
[2.194] The Sacred month for the sacred month and all sacred things are (under the law of) retaliation; whoever then acts aggressively against you, inflict injury on him according to the injury he has inflicted on you and be careful (of your duty) to God and know that God is with those who guard (against evil).
[2.195] And spend in the way of God and cast not yourselves to perdition with your own hands, and do good (to others); surely God loves the doers of good.
[2.196] And accomplish the pilgrimage and the visit for God, but if, you are prevented, (send) whatever offering is easy to obtain, and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches its destination; but whoever among you is sick or has an ailment of the head, he (should effect) a compensation by fasting or alms or sacrificing, then when you are secure, whoever profits by combining the visit with the pilgrimage (should take) what offering is easy to obtain; but he who cannot find (any offering) should fast for three days during the pilgrimage and for seven days when you return; these (make) ten (days) complete; this is for him whose family is not present in the Sacred Mosque, and be careful (of your duty) to God, and know that God is severe in requiting (evil).
[2.197] The pilgrimage is (performed in) the well-known months; so whoever determines the performance of the pilgrimage therein, there shall be no intercourse nor fornication nor quarrelling amongst one another; and whatever good you do, God knows it; and make provision, for surely the provision is the guarding of oneself, and be careful (of your duty) to Me, O men of understanding.
[2.198] There is no blame on you in seeking bounty from your Lord, so when you hasten on from "Arafat", then remember God near the Holy Monument, and remember Him as He has guided you, though before that you were certainly of the erring ones.
[2.199] Then hasten on from the Place from which the people hasten on and ask the forgiveness of God; surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[2.200] So when you have performed your devotions, then laud God as you lauded your fathers, rather a greater lauding. But there are some people who say, Our Lord! give us in the world, and they shall have no resting place.
[2.201] And there are some among them who say: Our Lord! grant us good in this world and good in the hereafter, and save us from the chastisement of the fire.
[2.202] They shall have (their) portion of what they have earned, and God is swift in reckoning.
[2.203] And laud God during the numbered days; then whoever hastens off in two days, there is no blame on him, and whoever remains behind, there is no blame on him, (this is) for him who guards (against evil), and be careful (of your duty) to God, and know that you shall be gathered together to Him.
[2.204] And among men is he whose speech about the life of this world causes you to wonder, and he calls on God to witness as to what is in his heart, yet he is the most violent of adversaries.
[2.205] And when he turn,s back, he runs along in the land that he may cause mischief in it and destroy the tilth and the stock, and God does not love mischief-making.
[2.206] And when it is said to him, guard against (the punish ment of) God; pride carries him off to sin, therefore hell is sufficient for him; and certainly it is an evil resting place.
[2.207] And among men is he who sells himself to seek the pleasure of God; and God is Affectionate to the servants.
[2.208] O you who believe! enter into submission one and all and do not follow the footsteps of Shaitan; surely he is your open enemy.
[2.209] But if you slip after clear arguments have come to you, then know that God is Mighty, Wise.
[2.210] They do not wait aught but that God should come to them in the shadows of the clouds along with the angels, and the matter has (already) been decided; and (all) matters are returned to God.
[2.211] Ask the Israelites how many a clear sign have We given them; and whoever changes the favor of God after it has come to him, then surely God is severe in requiting (evil).
[2.212] The life of this world is made to seem fair to those who disbelieve, and they mock those who believe, and those who guard (against evil) shall be above them on the day of resurrection; and God gives means of subsistence to whom he pleases without measure.
[2.213] (All) people are a single nation; so God raised prophets as bearers of good news and as warners, and He revealed with them the Book with truth, that it might judge between people in that in which they differed; and none but the very people who were given it differed about it after clear arguments had come to them, revolting among themselves; so God has guided by His will those who believe to the truth about which they differed and God guides whom He pleases to the right path.
[2.214] Or do you think that you would enter the garden while yet the state of those who have passed away before you has not come upon you; distress and affliction befell them and they were shaken violently, so that the Apostle and those who believed with him said: When will the help of God come? Now surely the help of God is nigh!
[2.215] They ask you as to what they should spend. Say: Whatever wealth you spend, it is for the parents and the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, and whatever good you do, God surely knows it.
[2.216] Fighting is enjoined on you, and h is an object of dislike to you; and it may be that you dislike a thing while it is good for you, and it may be that you love a thing while it is evil for you, and God knows, while you do not know.
[2.217] They ask you concerning the sacred month about fighting in it. Say: Fighting in it is a grave matter, and hindering (men) from God's way and denying Him, and (hindering men from) the Sacred Mosque and turning its people out of it, are still graver with God, and persecution is graver than slaughter; and they will not cease fighting with you until they turn you back from your religion, if they can; and whoever of you turns back from his religion, then he dies while an unbeliever-- these it is whose works shall go for nothing in this world and the hereafter, and they are the inmates of the fire; therein they shall abide.
[2.218] Surely those who believed and those who fled (their home) and strove hard in the way of God these hope for the mercy of God and God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[2.219] They ask you about intoxicants and games of chance. Say: In both of them there is a great sin and means of profit for men, and their sin is greater than their profit. And they ask you as to what they should spend. Say: What you can spare. Thus does God make clear to you the communications, that you may ponder
[2.220] On this world and the hereafter. And they ask you concerning the orphans Say: To set right for them (their affairs) is good, and if you become co-partners with them, they are your brethren; and God knows the mischief-maker and the pacemaker, and if God had pleased, He would certainly have caused you to fall into a difficulty; surely God is Mighty, Wise.
[2.221] And do not marry the idolatresses until they believe, and certainly a believing maid is better than an idolatress woman, even though she should please you; and do not give (believing women) in marriage to idolaters until they believe, and certainly a believing servant is better than an idolater, even though he should please you; these invite to the fire, and God invites to the garden and to forgiveness by His will, and makes clear His communications to men, that they may be mindful.
[2.222] And they ask you about menstruation. Say: It is a discomfort; therefore keep aloof from the women during the menstrual discharge and do not go near them until they have become clean; then when they have cleansed themselves, go in to them as God has commanded you; surely God loves those who turn much (to Him), and He loves those who purify themselves.
[2.223] Your wives are a tilth for you, so go into your tilth when you like, and do good beforehand for yourselves, and be careful (of your duty) to God, and know that you will meet Him, and give good news to the believers.
[2.224] And make not God because of your swearing (by Him) an obstacle to your doing good and guarding (against evil) and making peace between men, and God is Hearing, Knowing.
[2.225] God does not call you to account for what is vain in your oaths, but He will call you to account for what your hearts have earned, and God is Forgiving, Forbearing.
[2.226] Those who swear that they will not go in to their wives should wait four months; so if they go back, then God is surely Forgiving, Merciful.
[2.227] And if they have resolved on a divorce, then God is surely Hearing, Knowing.
[2.228] And the divorced women should keep themselves in waiting for three courses; and it is not lawful for them that they should conceal what God has created in their wombs, if they believe in God and the last day; and their husbands have a better right to take them back in the meanwhile if they wish for reconciliation; and they have rights similar to those against them in a just manner, and the men are a degree above them, and God is Mighty, Wise.
[2.229] Divorce may be (pronounced) twice, then keep (them) in good fellowship or let (them) go with kindness; and it is not lawful for you to take any part of what you have given them, unless both fear that they cannot keep within the limits of God; then if you fear that they cannot keep within the limits of God, there is no blame on them for what she gives up to become free thereby. These are the limits of God, so do not exceed them and whoever exceeds the limits of God these it is that are the unjust.
[2.230] So if he divorces her she shall not be lawful to him afterwards until she marries another husband; then if he divorces her there is no blame on them both if they return to each other (by marriage), if they think that they can keep within the limits of God, and these are the limits of God which He makes clear for a people who know.
[2.231] And when you divorce women and they reach their prescribed time, then either retain them in good fellowship or set them free with liberality, and do not retain them for injury, so that you exceed the limits, and whoever does this, he indeed is unjust to his own soul; and do not take God's communications for a mockery, and remember the favor of God upon you, and that which He has revealed to you of the Book and the Wisdom, admonishing you thereby; and be careful (of your duty to) God, and know that God is the Knower of all things.
[2.232] And when you have divorced women and they have ended-- their term (of waiting), then do not prevent them from marrying their husbands when they agree among themselves in a lawful manner; with this is admonished he among you who believes in God and the last day, this is more profitable and purer for you; and God knows while you do not know.
[2.233] And the mothers should suckle their children for two whole years for him who desires to make complete the time of suckling; and their maintenance and their clothing must be-- borne by the father according to usage; no soul shall have imposed upon it a duty but to the extent of its capacity; neither shall a mother be made to suffer harm on account of her child, nor a father on account of his child, and a similar duty (devolves) on the (father's) heir, but if both desire weaning by mutual consent and counsel, there is no blame on them, and if you wish to engage a wet-nurse for your children, there is no blame on you so long as you pay what you promised for according to usage; and be careful of (your duty to) God and know that God sees what you do.
[2.234] And (as for) those of you who die and leave wives behind, they should keep themselves in waiting for four months and ten days; then when they have fully attained their term, there is no blame on you for what they do for themselves in a lawful manner; and God is aware of what you do.
[2.235] And there is no blame on you respecting that which you speak indirectly in the asking of (such) women in marriage or keep (the proposal) concealed within your minds; God knows that you win mention them, but do not give them a promise in secret unless you speak in a lawful manner, and do not confirm the marriage tie until the writing is fulfilled, and know that God knows what is in your minds, therefore beware of Him, and know that God is Forgiving, Forbearing.
[2.236] There is no blame on you if you divorce women when you have not touched them or appointed for them a portion, and make provision for them, the wealthy according to his means and the straitened in circumstances according to his means, a provision according to usage; (this is) a duty on the doers of good (to others).
[2.237] And if you divorce them before you have touched them and you have appointed for them a portion, then (pay to them) ha!f of what you have appointed, unless they relinquish or he should relinquish in whose hand is the marriage tie; and it is nearer to righteousness that you should relinquish; and do not neglect the giving of free gifts between you; surely God sees what you do.
[2.238] Attend constantly to prayers and to the middle prayer and stand up truly obedient to God.
[2.239] But if you are in danger, then (say your prayers) on foot or on horseback; and when you are secure, then remember God, as. He has taught you what you did not know.
[2.240] And those of you who die and leave wives behind, (make) a bequest in favor of their wives of maintenance for a year without turning (them) out, then if they themselves go away, there is no blame on you for what they do of lawful deeds by themselves, and God is Mighty, Wise.
[2.241] And for the divorced women (too) provision (must be made) according to usage; (this is) a duty on those who guard (against evil).
[2.242] God thus makes clear to you His communications that you may understand.
[2.243] Have you not considered those who went forth from their homes, for fear of death, and they were thousands, then God said to them, Die; again He gave them life; most surely God is Gracious to people, but most people are not grateful.
[2.244] And fight in the way of God, and know that God is Hearing, Knowing.
[2.245] Who is it that will offer of God a goodly gift, so He will multiply it to him manifold, and God straitens and amplifies, and you shall be returned to Him.
[2.246] Have you not considered the chiefs of the children of Israel after Moses, when they said to a prophet of theirs: Raise up for us a king, (that) we may fight in the way of God. He said: May it not be that you would not fight if fighting is ordained for you? They said: And what reason have we that we should not fight in the way of God, and we have indeed been compelled to abandon our homes and our children. But when fighting was ordained for them, they turned back, except a few of them, and God knows the unjust.
[2.247] And their prophet said to them: Surely God has raised Talut to be a king over you. They said: How can he hold kingship over us while we have a greater right to kingship than he, and he has not been granted an abundance of wealth? He said: Surely God has chosen him in preference to you, and He has increased him abundantly in knowledge and physique, and God grants His kingdom to whom He pleases, and God is Amplegiving, Knowing.
[2.248] And the prophet said to them: Surely the sign of His kingdom is, that there shall come to you the chest in which there is tranquillity from your Lord and residue of the relics of what the children of Moses and the children of Haroun have left, the angels bearing it; most surely there is a sign in this for those who believe.
[2.249] So when Talut departed with the forces, he said: Surely God will try you with a river; whoever then drinks from it, he is not of me, and whoever does not taste of it, he is surely of me, except he who takes with his hand as much of it as fills the hand; but with the exception of a few of them they drank from it. So when he had crossed it, he and those who believed with him, they said: We have today no power against Jalut and his forces. Those who were sure that they would meet their Lord said: How often has a small party vanquished a numerous host by God's permission, and God is with the patient.
[2.250] And when they went out against Jalut and his forces they said: Our Lord, pour down upon us patience, and make our steps firm and assist us against the unbelieving people.
[2.251] So they put them to flight by God's permission. And Dawood slew Jalut, and God gave him kingdom and wisdom, and taught him of what He pleased. And were it not for God's repelling some men with others, the earth would certainly be in a state of disorder; but God is Gracious to the creatures.
[2.252] These are the communications of God: We recite them to you with truth; and most surely you are (one) of the apostles.
[2.253] We have made some of these apostles to excel the others among them are they to whom God spoke, and some of them He exalted by (many degrees of) rank; and We gave clear miracles to Jesus son of Mary, and strengthened him with the holy spirit. And if God had pleased, those after them would not have fought one with another after clear arguments had come to them, but they dJesusgreed; so there were some of them who believed and others who denied; and if God had pleased they would not have fought one with another, but God brings about what He intends.
[2.254] O you who believe! spend out of what We have given you before the day comes in which there is no bargaining, neither any friendship nor intercession, and the unbelievers-- they are the unjust.
[2.255] God is He besides Whom there is no god, the Everliving, the Self-subsisting by Whom all subsist; slumber does not overtake Him nor sleep; whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is His; who is he that can intercede with Him but by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they cannot comprehend anything out of His knowledge except what He pleases, His knowledge extends over the heavens and the earth, and the preservation of them both tires Him not, and He is the Most High, the Great.
[2.256] There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way has become clearly distinct from error; therefore, whoever disbelieves in the Shaitan and believes in God he indeed has laid hold on the firmest handle, which shall not break off, and God is Hearing, Knowing.
[2.257] God is the guardian of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light; and (as to) those who disbelieve, their guardians are Shaitans who take them out of the light into the darkness; they are the inmates of the fire, in it they shall abide.
[2.258] Have you not considered him (Namrud) who disputed with Ibrahim about his Lord, because God had given him the kingdom? When Ibrahim said: My Lord is He who gives life and causes to die, he said: I give life and cause death. Ibrahim said: So surely God causes the sun to rise from the east, then make it rise from the west; thus he who disbelieved was confounded; and God does not guide aright the unjust people.
[2.259] Or the like of him (Uzair) who passed by a town, and it had fallen down upon its roofs; he said: When will God give it life after its death? So God caused him to die for a hundred years, then raised him to life. He said: How long have you tarried? He said: I have tarried a day, or a part of a day. Said He: Nay! you have tarried a hundred years; then look at your food and drink-- years have not passed over it; and look at your ass; and that We may make you a sign to men, and look at the bones, how We set them together, then clothed them with flesh; so when it became clear to him, he said: I know that God has power over all things.
[2.260] And when Ibrahim said: My Lord! show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: What! and do you not believe? He said: Yes, but that my heart may be at ease. He said: Then take four of the birds, then train them to follow you, then place on every mountain a part of them, then call them, they will come to you flying; and know that God is Mighty, Wise.
[2.261] The parable of those who spend their property in the way of God is as the parable of a grain growing seven ears (with) a hundred grains in every ear; and God multiplies for whom He pleases; and God is Ample-giving, Knowing
[2.262] (As for) those who spend their property in the way.of God, then do not follow up what they have spent with reproach or injury, they shall have their reward from their Lord, and they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve.
[2.263] Kind speech and forgiveness is better than charity followed by injury; and God is Self-sufficient, Forbearing.
[2.264] O you who believe! do not make your charity worthless by reproach and injury, like him who spends his property to be seen of men and does not believe in God and the last day; so his parable is as the parable of a smooth rock with earth upon it, then a heavy rain falls upon it, so it leaves it bare; they shall not be able to gain anything of what they have earned; and God does not guide the unbelieving people.
[2.265] And the parable of those who spend their property to seek the pleasure of God and for the certainty 'of their souls is as the parable of a garden on an elevated ground, upon which heavy rain falls so it brings forth its fruit twofold but if heavy rain does not fall upon it, then light rain (is sufficient); and God sees what you do.
[2.266] Does one of you like that he should have a garden of palms and vines with streams flowing beneath it; he has in it all kinds of fruits; and old age has overtaken him and he has weak offspring, when, (lo!) a whirlwind with fire in it smites it so it becomes blasted; thus God makes the communications clear to you, that you may reflect.
[2.267] O you who believe! spend (benevolently) of the good things that you earn and or what We have brought forth for you out of the earth, and do not aim at what is bad that you may spend (in alms) of it, while you would not take it yourselves unless you have its price lowered, and know that God is Self-sufficient, Praiseworthy.
[2.268] Shaitan threatens you with poverty and enjoins you to be niggardly, and God promises you forgiveness from Himself and abundance; and God is Ample-giving, Knowing.
[2.269] He grants wisdom to whom He pleases, and whoever is granted wisdom, he indeed is given a great good and none but men of understanding mind.
[2.270] And whatever alms you give or (whatever) vow you vow, surely God knows it; and the unjust shall have no helpers.
[2.271] If you give alms openly, it is well, and if you hide it and give it to the poor, it is better for you; and this will do away with some of your evil deeds; and God is aware of what you do.
[2.272] To make them walk in the right way is not incumbent on you, but God guides aright whom He pleases; and whatever good thing you spend, it is to your own good; and you do not spend but to seek God's pleasure; and whatever good things you spend shall be paid back to you in full, and you shall not be wronged.
[2.273] (Alms are) for the poor who are confined in the way of God-- they cannot go about in the land; the ignorant man thinks them to be rich on account of (their) abstaining (from begging); you can recognise them by their mark; they do not beg from men importunately; and whatever good thing you spend, surely God knows it.
[2.274] (As for) those who spend their property by night and by day, secretly and openly, they shall have their reward from their Lord and they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
[2.275] Those who swallow down usury cannot arise except as one whom Shaitan has prostrated by (his) touch does rise. That is because they say, trading is only like usury; and God has allowed trading and forbidden usury. To whomsoever then the admonition has come from his Lord, then he desists, he shall have what has already passed, and his affair is in the hands of God; and whoever returns (to it)-- these arc the inmates of the fire; they shall abide in it.
[2.276] God does not bless usury, and He causes charitable deeds to prosper, and God does not love any ungrateful sinner.
[2.277] Surely they who believe and do good deeds and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate they shall have their reward from their Lord, and they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
[2.278] O you who believe! Be careful of (your duty to) God and relinquish what remains (due) from usury, if you are believers.
[2.279] But if you do (it) not, then be apprised of war from God and His Apostle; and if you repent, then you shall have your capital; neither shall you make (the debtor) suffer loss, nor shall you be made to suffer loss.
[2.280] And if (the debtor) is in straitness, then let there be postponement until (he is in) ease; and that you remit (it) as alms is better for you, if you knew.
[2.281] And guard yourselves against a day in which you shall be returned to God; then every soul shall be paid back in full what it has earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.
[2.282] O you who believe! when you deal with each other in contracting a debt for a fixed time, then write it down; and let a scribe write it down between you with fairness; and the scribe should not refuse to write as God has taught him, so he should write; and let him who owes the debt dictate, and he should be careful of (his duty to) God, his Lord, and not diminish anything from it; but if he who owes the debt is unsound in understanding, or weak, or (if) he is not able to dictate himself, let his guardian dictate with fairness; and call in to witness from among your men two witnesses; but if there are not two men, then one man and two women from among those whom you choose to be witnesses, so that if one of the two errs, the second of the two may remind the other; and the witnesses should not refuse when they are summoned; and be not averse to writing it (whether it is) small or large, with the time of its falling due; this is more equitable in the sight of God and assures greater accuracy in testimony, and the nearest (way) that you may not entertain doubts (afterwards), except when it is ready merchandise which you give and take among yourselves from hand to hand, then there is no blame on you in not writing it down; and have witnesses when you barter with one another, and let no harm be done to the scribe or to the witness; and if you do (it) then surely it will be a transgression in you, and be careful of (your duty) to God, God teaches you, and God knows all things.
[2.283] And if you are upon a journey and you do not find a scribe, then (there may be) a security taken into possession; but if one of you trusts another, then he who is trusted should deliver his trust, and let him be careful (of his duty to) God, his Lord; and do not conceal testimony, and whoever conceals it, his heart is surely sinful; and God knows what you do.
[2.284] Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is God's; and whether you manifest what is in your minds or hide it, God will call you to account according to it; then He will forgive whom He pleases and chastise whom He pleases, and God has power over all things.
[2.285] The apostle believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers; they all believe in God and His angels and His books and His apostles; We make no difference between any of His apostles; and they say: We hear and obey, our Lord! Thy forgiveness (do we crave), and to Thee is the eventual course.
[2.286] God does not impose upon any soul a duty but to the extent of its ability; for it is (the benefit of) what it has earned and upon it (the evil of) what it has wrought: Our Lord! do not punish us if we forget or make a mistake; Our Lord! do not lay on us a burden as Thou didst lay on those before us, Our Lord do not impose upon us that which we have not the strength to bear; and pardon us and grant us protection and have mercy on us, Thou art our Patron, so help us against the unbelieving people.
 


The Family of Imran

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[3.1] Alif Lam Mim.
[3.2] God, (there is) no god but He, the Everliving, the Self-subsisting by Whom all things subsist
[3.3] He has revealed to you the Book with truth, verifying that which is before it, and He revealed the Tavrat and the Injeel aforetime, a guidance for the people, and He sent the Furqan.
[3.4] Surely they who disbelieve in the communications of God they shall have a severe chastisement; and God is Mighty, the Lord of retribution.
[3.5] God-- surely nothing is hidden from Him in the earth or in the heaven.
[3.6] He it is Who shapes you in the wombs as He likes; there is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise
[3.7] He it is Who has revealed the Book to you; some of its verses are decisive, they are the basis of the Book, and others are allegorical; then as for those in whose hearts there is perversity they follow the part of it which is allegorical, seeking to mislead and seeking to give it (their own) interpretation. but none knows its interpretation except God, and those who are firmly rooted in knowledge say: We believe in it, it is all from our Lord; and none do mind except those having understanding.
[3.8] Our Lord! make not our hearts to deviate after Thou hast guided us aright, and grant us from Thee mercy; surely Thou art the most liberal Giver.
[3.9] Our Lord! surely Thou art the Gatherer of men on a day about which there is no doubt; surely God will not fail (His) promise.
[3.10] (As for) those who disbelieve, surely neither their wealth nor their children shall avail them in the least against God, and these it is who are the fuel of the fire.
[3.11] Like the striving of the people of Firon and those before them; they rejected Our communications, so God destroyed them on account of their faults; and God is severe in requiting (evil).
[3.12] Say to those who disbelieve: You shall be vanquished, and driven together to hell; and evil is the resting-place.
[3.13] Indeed there was a sign for you in the two hosts (which) met together in encounter; one party fighting in the way of God and the other unbelieving, whom they saw twice as.many as themselves with the sight of the eye and God strengthens with His aid whom He pleases; most surely there is a lesson in this for those who have sight.
[3.14] The love of desires, of women and sons and hoarded treasures of gold and silver and well bred horses and cattle and tilth, is made to seem fair to men; this is the provision of the life of this world; and God is He with Whom is the good goal (of life).
[3.15] Say:Shall I tell you what is better than these? For those who guard (against evil) are gardens with their Lord, beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them, and pure mates and God's pleasure; and God sees the servants.
[3.16] Those who say: Our Lord! surely we believe, therefore forgive us our faults and save us from the chastisement of the fire.
[3.17] The patient, and the truthful, and the obedient, and those who spend (benevolently) and those who ask forgiveness in the morning times.
[3.18] God bears witness that there is no god but He, and (so do) the angels and those possessed of knowledge, maintaining His creation with justice; there is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise.
[3.19] Surely the (true) religion with God is Islam, and those to whom the Book had been given did not show opposition but after knowledge had come to them, out of envy among themselves; and whoever disbelieves in the communications of God then surely God is quick in reckoning.
[3.20] But if they dispute with you, say: I have submitted myself entirely to God and (so) every one who follows me; and say to those who have been given the Book and the unlearned people: Do you submit yourselves? So if they submit then indeed they follow the right way; and if they turn back, then upon you is only the delivery of the message and God sees the servants.
[3.21] Surely (as for) those who disbelieve in the communications of God and slay the prophets unjustly and slay those among men who enjoin justice, announce to them a painful chastisement.
[3.22] Those are they whose works shall become null in this world as well as the hereafter, and they shall have no helpers.
[3.23] Have you not considered those (Jews) who are given a portion of the Book? They are invited to the Book of God that it might decide between them, then a part of them turn back and they withdraw.
[3.24] This is because they say: The fire shall not touch us but for a few days; and what they have forged deceives them in the matter of their religion.
[3.25] Then how will it be when We shall gather them together on a day about which there is no doubt, and every soul shall be fully paid what it has earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly?
[3.26] Say: O God, Master of the Kingdom! Thou givest the kingdom to whomsoever Thou pleasest and takest away the kingdom from whomsoever Thou pleasest, and Thou exaltest whom Thou pleasest and abasest whom Thou pleasest in Thine hand is the good; surety, Thou hast power over all things.
[3.27] Thou makest the night to pass into the day and Thou makest the day to pass into the night, and Thou bringest forth the living from the dead and Thou bringest forth the dead from the living, and Thou givest sustenance to whom Thou pleasest without measure.
[3.28] Let not the believers take the unbelievers for friends rather than believers; and whoever does this, he shall have nothing of (the guardianship of) God, but you should guard yourselves against them, guarding carefully; and God makes you cautious of (retribution from) Himself; and to God is the eventual coming.
[3.29] Say: Whether you hide what is in your hearts or manifest it, God knows it, and He knows whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and God has power over all things.
[3.30] On the day that every soul shall find present what it has done of good and what it has done of evil, it shall wish that between it and that (evil) there were a long duration of time; and God makes you to be cautious of (retribution from) Himself; and God is Compassionate to the servants.
[3.31] Say: If you love God, then follow me, God will love you and forgive you your faults, and God is Forgiving, MercifuL
[3.32] Say: Obey God and the Apostle; but if they turn back, then surely God does not love the unbelievers.
[3.33] Surely God chose Adam and Nuh and the descendants of Ibrahim and the descendants of Imran above the nations.
[3.34] Offspring one of the other; and God is Hearing, Knowing.
[3.35] When a woman of Imran said: My Lord! surely I vow to Thee what is in my womb, to be devoted (to Thy service); accept therefore from me, surely Thou art the Hearing, the Knowing.
[3.36] So when she brought forth, she said: My Lord! Surely I have brought it forth a female-- and God knew best what she brought forth-- and the male is not like the female, and I have named it Mary, and I commend her and her offspring into Thy protection from the accursed Shaitan.
[3.37] So her Lord accepted her with a good acceptance and made her grow up a good growing, and gave her into the charge of Zakariya; whenever Zakariya entered the sanctuary to (see) her, he found with her food. He said: O Mary! whence comes this to you? She said: It is from God. Surely God gives to whom He pleases without measure.
[3.38] There did Zakariya pray to his Lord; he said: My Lord! grant me from Thee good offspring; surely Thou art the Hearer of prayer.
[3.39] Then the angels called to him as he stood praying in the sanctuary: That God gives you the good news of Yahya verifying a Word from God, and honorable and chaste and a prophet from among the good ones.
[3.40] He said: My Lord! when shall there be a son (born) to me, and old age has already come upon me, and my wife is barren? He said: even thus does God what He pleases.
[3.41] He said: My Lord! appoint a sign for me. Said He: Your sign is that you should not speak to men for three days except by signs; and remember your Lord much and glorify Him in the evening and the morning. f42. And when the angels said: O Mary! surely God has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of of the world.
[3.43] O Mary! keep to obedience to your Lord and humble yourself, and bow down with those who bow.
[3.44] This is of the announcements relating to the unseen which We reveal to you; and you were not with them when they cast their pens (to decide) which of them should have Mary in his charge, and you were not with them when they contended one with another.
[3.45] When the angels said: O Mary, surely God gives you good news with a Word from Him (of one) whose name is the '. Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, worthy of regard in this world and the hereafter and of those who are made near (to God).
[3.46] And he shall speak to the people when in the cradle and when of old age, and (he shall be) one of the good ones.
[3.47] She said: My Lord! when shall there be a son (born) to I me, and man has not touched me? He said: Even so, God creates what He pleases; when He has decreed a matter, He only says to it, Be, and it is.
[3.48] And He will teach him the Book and the wisdom and the Tavrat and the Injeel.
[3.49] And (make him) an apostle to the children of Israel: That I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I determine for you out of dust like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird with God's permission and I heal the blind and the leprous, and bring the dead to life with God's permission and I inform you of what you should eat and what you should store in your houses; most surely there is a sign in this for you, if you are believers.
[3.50] And a verifier of that which is before me of the Taurat and that I may allow you part of that which has been forbidden t you, and I have come to you with a sign from your Lord therefore be careful of (your duty to) God and obey me.
[3.51] Surely God is my Lord and your Lord, therefore serve Him; this is the right path.
[3.52] But when Jesus perceived unbelief on their part, he said Who will be my helpers in God's way? The disciples said: We are helpers (in the way) of God: We believe in God and bear witness that we are submitting ones.
[3.53] Our Lord! we believe in what Thou hast revealed and we follow the apostle, so write us down with those who bear witness.
[3.54] And they planned and God (also) planned, and God is the best of planners.
[3.55] And when God said: O Jesus, I am going to terminate the period of your stay (on earth) and cause you to ascend unto Me and purify you of those who disbelieve and make those who follow you above those who disbelieve to the day of resurrection; then to Me shall be your return, so l will decide between you concerning that in which you differed.
[3.56] Then as to those who disbelieve, I will chastise them with severe chastisement in this world and the hereafter, and they shall have no helpers.
[3.57] And as to those who believe and do good deeds, He will pay them fully their rewards; and God does not love the unjust.
[3.58] This We recite to you of the communications and the wise reminder.
[3.59] Surely the likeness of Jesus is with God as the likeness of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him, Be, and he was.
[3.60] (This is) the truth from your Lord, so be not of the disputers.
[3.61] But whoever disputes with you in this matter after what has come to you of knowledge, then say: Come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and our near people and your near people, then let us be earnest in prayer, and pray for the curse of God on the liars.
[3.62] Most surely this is the true explanation, and there is no god but God; and most surely God-- He is the Mighty, the Wise.
[3.63] But if they turn back, then surely God knows the mischief-makers.
[3.64] Say: O followers of the Book! come to an equitable proposition between us and you that we shall not serve any but God and (that) we shall not associate aught with Him, and (that) some of us shall not take others for lords besides God; but if they turn back, then say: Bear witness that we are Muslims.
[3.65] O followers of the Book! why do you dispute about Ibrahim, when the Taurat and the Injeel were not revealed till after him; do you not then understand?
[3.66] Behold! you are they who disputed about that of which you had knowledge; why then do you dispute about that of which you have no knowledge? And God knows while you do not know.
[3.67] Ibrahim was not a Jew nor a Christian but he was (an) upright (man), a Muslim, and he was not one of the polytheists.
[3.68] Most surely the nearest of people to Ibrahim are those who followed him and this Prophet and those who believe and God is the guardian of the believers.
[3.69] A party of the followers of the Book desire that they should lead you astray, and they lead not astray but themselves, and they do not perceive.
[3.70] O followers of the Book! Why do you disbelieve in the communications of God while you witness (them)?
[3.71] O followers of the Book! Why do you confound the truth with the falsehood and hide the truth while you know?
[3.72] And a party of the followers of the Book say: Avow belief in that which has been revealed to those who believe, in the first part of the day, and disbelieve at the end of it, perhaps they go back on their religion.
[3.73] And do not believe but in him who follows your religion. Say: Surely the (true) guidance is the guidance of God-- that one may be given (by Him) the like of what you were given; or they would contend with you by an argument before your Lord. Say: Surely grace is in the hand of God, He gives it to whom He pleases; and God is Ample-giving, Knowing.
[3.74] He specially chooses for His mercy whom He pleases; and God is the Lord of mighty grace.
[3.75] And among the followers of the Book there are some such that if you entrust one (of them) with a heap of wealth, he shall pay it back to you; and among them there are some such that if you entrust one (of them) with a dinar he shall not pay it back to you except so long as you remain firm in demanding it; this is because they say: There is not upon us in the matter of the unlearned people any way (to reproach); and they tell a lie against God while they know.
[3.76] Yea, whoever fulfills his promise and guards (against evil)-- then surely God loves those who guard (against evil).
[3.77] (As for) those who take a small price for the covenant of God and their own oaths-- surely they shall have no portion in the hereafter, and God will not speak to them, nor will He look upon them on the day of resurrection nor will He purify them, and they shall have a painful chastisement.
[3.78] Most surely there is a party amongst those who distort the Book with their tongue that you may consider it to be (a part) of the Book, and they say, It is from God, while it is not from God, and they tell a lie against God whilst they know.
[3.79] It is not meet for a mortal that God should give him the Book and the wisdom and prophethood, then he should say to men: Be my servants rather than God's; but rather (he would say): Be worshippers of the Lord because of your teaching the Book and your reading (it yourselves).
[3.80] And neither would he enjoin you that you should take the angels and the prophets for lords; what! would he enjoin you with unbelief after you are Muslims?
[3.81] And when God made a covenant through the prophets: Certainly what I have given you of Book and wisdom-- then an apostle comes to you verifying that which is with you, you must believe in him, and you must aid him. He said: Do you affirm and accept My compact in this (matter)? They said: We do affirm. He said: Then bear witness, and I (too) am of the bearers of witness with you.
[3.82] Whoever therefore turns back after this, these it is that are the transgressors.
[3.83] Is it then other than God's religion that they seek (to follow), and to Him submits whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and to Him shall they be returned.
[3.84] Say: We believe in God and what has been revealed to us, and what was revealed to Ibrahim and Ismail and Ishaq and Yaqoub and the tribes, and what was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord; we do not make any distinction between any of them, and to Him do we submit.
[3.85] And whoever desires a religion other than Islam, it shall not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he shall be one of the losers.
[3.86] How shall God guide a people who disbelieved after their believing and (after) they had borne witness that the Apostle was true and clear arguments had come to them; and God does not guide the unjust people.
[3.87] (As for) these, their reward is that upon them is the curse of God and the angels and of men, all together.
[3.88] Abiding in it; their chastisement shall not be lightened nor shall they be respited.
[3.89] Except those who repent after that and amend, then surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[3.90] Surely, those who disbelieve a,fter their believing, then increase in unbelief, their repentance shall not be accepted, and these are they that go astray.
[3.91] Surely, those who disbelieve and die while they are unbelievers, the earth full of gold shall not be accepted from one of them, though he should offer to ransom himself with it, these it is who shall have a painful chastisement, and they shall have no helpers.
[3.92] By no means shall you attain to righteousness until you spend (benevolently) out of what you love; and whatever thing you spend, God surely knows it.
[3.93] All food was lawful to the children of Israel except that which Israel had forbidden to himself, before the Taurat was revealed. Say: Bring then the Taurat and read it, if you are truthful.
[3.94] Then whoever fabricates a lie against God after this, these it is that are the unjust.
[3.95] Say: God has spoken the truth, therefore follow the religion of Ibrahim, the upright one; and he was not one of the polytheists.
[3.96] Most surely the first house appointed for men is the one at Bekka, blessed and a guidance for the nations.
[3.97] In it are clear signs, the standing place of Ibrahim, and whoever enters it shall be secure, and pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of God, (upon) every one who is able to undertake the journey to it; and whoever disbelieves, then surely God is Self-sufficient, above any need of the worlds.
[3.98] Say: O followers of the Book! why do you disbelieve in the communications of God? And God is a witness of what you do.
[3.99] Say: O followers of the Book! why do you hinder him who believes from the way of God? You seek (to make) it crooked, while you are witness, and God is not heedless of what you do.
[3.100] O you who believe! if you obey a party from among those who have been given the Book, they will turn you back as unbelievers after you have believed.
[3.101] But how can you disbelieve while it is you to whom the communications of God are recited, and among you is His Apostle? And whoever holds fast to God, he indeed is guided to the right path.
[3.102] O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) God with the care which is due to Him, and do not die unless you are Muslims.
[3.103] And hold fast by the covenant of God all together and be not disunited, and remember the favor of God on you when you were enemies, then He united your hearts so by His favor you became brethren; and you were on the brink of a pit of fire, then He saved you from it, thus does God make clear to you His communications that you may follow the right way.
[3.104] And from among you there should be a party who invite to good and enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong, and these it is that shall be successful.
[3.105] And be not like those who became divided and dJesusgreed after clear arguments had come to them, and these it is that shall have a grievous chastisement.
[3.106] On the day when (some) faces shall turn white and (some) faces shall turn black; then as to those whose faces turn black: Did you disbelieve after your believing? Taste therefore the chastisement because you disbelieved.
[3.107] And as to those whose faces turn white, they shall be in God's mercy; in it they shall-abide.
[3.108] These are the communications of God which We recite to you with truth, and God does not desire any injustice to the creatures.
[3.109] And whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is God's; and to God all things return
[3.110] You are the best of the nations raised up for (the benefit of) men; you enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and believe in God; and if the followers of the Book had believed it would have been better for them; of them (some) are believers and most of them are transgressors.
[3.111] They shall by no means harm you but with a slight evil; and if they fight with you they shall turn (their) backs to you, then shall they not be helped.
[3.112] Abasement is made to cleave to them wherever they are found, except under a covenant with God and a covenant with men, and they have become deserving of wrath from God, and humiliation is made to cleave to them; this is because they disbelieved in the communications of God and slew the prophets unjustly; this is because they disobeyed and exceeded the limits.
[3.113] They are not all alike; of the followers of the Book there is an upright party; they recite God's communications in the nighttime and they adore (Him).
[3.114] They believe in God and the last day, and they enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong and they strive with one another in hastening to good deeds, and those are among the good.
[3.115] And whatever good they do, they shall not be denied it, and God knows those who guard (against evil).
[3.116] (As for) those who disbelieve, surely neither their wealth nor their children shall avail them in the least against God; and these are the inmates of the fire; therein they shall abide.
[3.117] The likeness of what they spend in the life of this world is as the likeness of wind in which is intense cold (that) smites the seed produce of a people who haw done injustice to their souls and destroys it; and God is not unjust to them, but they are unjust to themselves.
[3.118] O you who believe! do not take for intimate friends from among others than your own people; they do not fall short of inflicting loss upon you; they love what distresses you; vehement hatred has already appeared from out of their mouths, and what their breasts conceal is greater still; indeed, We have made the communications clear to you, if you will understand.
[3.119] Lo! you are they who will love them while they do not love you, and you believe in the Book (in) the whole of it; and when they meet you they say: We believe, and when they are alone, they bite the ends of their fingers in rage against you. Say: Die in your rage; surely God knows what is in the breasts.
[3.120] If good befalls you, it grieves them, and if an evil afflicts you, they rejoice at it; and if you are patient and guard yourselves, their scheme will not injure you in any way; surely God comprehends what they do.
[3.121] And when you did go forth early in the morning from your family to lodge the believers in encampments for war and God is Hearing, Knowing.
[3.122] When two parties from among you had determined that they should show cowardice, and God was the guardian of them both, and in God should the believers trust.
[3.123] And God did certainly assist you at Badr when you were weak; be careful of (your duty to) God then, that you may give thanks.
[3.124] When you said to the believers: Does it not suffice you that your Lord should assist you with three thousand of the angels sent down?
[3.125] Yea! if you remain patient and are on your guard, and they come upon you in a headlong manner, your Lord will assist you with five thousand of the havoc-making angels.
[3.126] And God did not make it but as good news for you, and that your hearts might be at ease thereby, and victory is only from God, the Mighty, the Wise.
[3.127] That He may cut off a portion from among those who disbelieve, or abase them so that they should return dJesusppointed of attaining what they desired.
[3.128] You have no concern in the affair whether He turns to them (mercifully) or chastises them, for surely they are unjust.
[3.129] And whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is God's; He forgives whom He pleases and chastises whom He pleases; and God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[3.130] O you who believe! do not devour usury, making it double and redouble, and be careful of (your duty to) God, that you may be successful.
[3.131] And guard yourselves against the fire which has been prepared for the unbelievers.
[3.132] And obey God and the Apostle, that you may be shown mercy.
[3.133] And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord; and a Garden, the extensiveness of which is (as) the heavens and the earth, it is prepared for those who guard (against evil).
[3.134] Those who spend (benevolently) in ease as well as in straitness, and those who restrain (their) anger and pardon men; and God loves the doers of good (to others).
[3.135] And those who when they commit an indecency or do injustice to their souls remember God and ask forgiveness for their faults-- and who forgives the faults but God, and (who) do not knowingly persist in what they have done.
[3.136] (As for) these-- their reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them, and excellent is the reward of the laborers.
[3.137] Indeed there have been examples before you; therefore travel in the earth and see what was the end of the rejecters.
[3.138] This is a clear statement for men, and a guidance and an admonition to those who guard (against evil).
[3.139] And be not infirm, and be not grieving, and you shall have the upper hand if you are believers.
[3.140] If a wound has afflicted you (at Ohud), a wound like it has also afflicted the (unbelieving) people; and We bring these days to men by turns, and that God may know those who believe and take witnesses from among you; and God does not love the unjust.
[3.141] And that He may purge those who believe and deprive the unbelievers of blessings.
[3.142] Do you think that you will enter the garden while God has not yet known those who strive hard from among you, and (He has not) known the patient.
[3.143] And certainly you desired death before you met it, so indeed you have seen it and you look (at it)
[3.144] And Muhammad is no more than an apostle; the apostles have already passed away before him; if then he dies or is killed will you turn back upon your heels? And whoever turns back upon his heels!s, he will by no means do harm to God in the least and God will reward the grateful.
[3.145] And a soul will not die but with the permission of God the term is fixed; and whoever desires the reward of this world, I shall give him of it, and whoever desires the reward of the hereafter I shall give him of it, and I will reward the grateful.
[3.146] And how many a prophet has fought with whom were many worshippers of the Lord; so they did not become weak-hearted on account of what befell them in God's way, nor did they weaken, nor did they abase themselves; and God loves the patient.
[3.147] And their saying was no other than that they said: Our Lord! forgive us our faults and our extravagance in our affair and make firm our feet and help us against the unbelieving people.
[3.148] So God gave them the reward of this world and better reward of the hereafter and God loves those who do good (to others).
[3.149] O you who believe! if you obey those who disbelieve they will turn you back upon your heels, so you will turn back losers.
[3.150] Nay! God is your Patron and He is the best of the helpers.
[3.151] We will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve, because they set up with God that for which He has sent down no authority, and their abode is the fire, and evil is the abode of the unjust.
[3.152] And certainly God made good to you His promise when you slew them by His permission, until when you became weak-hearted and disputed about the affair and disobeyed after He had shown you that which you loved; of you were some who desired this world and of you were some who desired the hereafter; then He turned you away from them that He might try you; and He has certainly pardoned you, and God is Gracious to the believers.
[3.153] When you ran off precipitately and did not wait for any one, and the Apostle was calling you from your rear, so He gave you another sorrow instead of (your) sorrow, so that you might not grieve at what had escaped you, nor (at) what befell you; and God is aware of what you do.
[3.154] Then after sorrow He sent down security upon you, a calm coming upon a party of you, and (there was) another party whom their own souls had rendered anxious; they entertained about God thoughts of ignorance quite unjustly, saying: We have no hand in the affair. Say: Surely the affair is wholly (in the hands) of God. They conceal within their souls what they would not reveal to you. They say: Had we any hand in the affair, we would not have been slain here. Say: Had you remained in your houses, those for whom slaughter was ordained would certainly have gone forth to the places where they would be slain, and that God might test what was in your breasts and that He might purge what was in your hearts; and God knows what is in the breasts.
[3.155] (As for) those of you who turned back on the day when the two armies met, only the Shaitan sought to cause them to make a slip on account of some deeds they had done, and certainly God has pardoned them; surely God is Forgiving, Forbearing.
[3.156] O you who believe! be not like those who disbelieve and say of their brethren when they travel in the earth or engage in fighting: Had they been with us, they would not have died and they would not have been slain; so God makes this to be an intense regret in their hearts; and God gives life and causes death and God sees what you do.
[3.157] And if you are slain in the way of God or you die, certainly forgiveness from God and mercy is better than what they amass.
[3.158] And if indeed you die or you are slain, certainly to God shall you be gathered together.
[3.159] Thus it is due to mercy from God that you deal with them gently, and had you been rough, hard hearted, they would certainly have dispersed from around you; pardon them therefore and ask pardon for them, and take counsel with them in the affair; so when you have decided, then place your trust in God; surely God loves those who trust.
[3.160] If God assists you, then there is none that can overcome you, and if He forsakes you, who is there then that can assist you after Him? And on God should the believers rely.
[3.161] And it is not attributable to a prophet that he should act unfaithfully; and he who acts unfaithfully shall bring that in respect of which he has acted unfaithfully on the day of resurrection; then shall every soul be paid back fully what it has earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.
[3.162] Is then he who follows the pleasure of God like him who has made himself deserving of displeasure from God, and his abode is hell; and it is an evil destination.
[3.163] There are (varying) grades with God, and God sees what they do.
[3.164] Certainly God conferred a benefit upon the believers when He raised among them an Apostle from among themselves, reciting to them His communications and purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the wisdom, although before that they were surely in manifest error.
[3.165] What! when a misfortune befell you, and you had certainly afflicted (the unbelievers) with twice as much, you began to say: Whence is this? Say: It is from yourselves; surely God has power over all things.
[3.166] And what befell you on the day when the two armies met (at Ohud) was with God's knowledge, and that He might know the believers.
[3.167] And that He might know the hypocrites; and it was said to them: Come, fight in God's way, or defend yourselves. They said: If we knew fighting, we would certainly have followed you. They were on that day much nearer to unbelief than to belief. They say with their mouths what is not in their hearts, and God best knows what they conceal.
[3.168] Those who said of their brethren whilst they (themselves) held back: Had they obeyed us, they would not have been killed. Say: Then avert death from yourselves if you speak the truth.
[3.169] And reckon not those who are killed in God's way as dead; nay, they are alive (and) are provided sustenance from their Lord;
[3.170] Rejoicing in what God has given them out of His grace and they rejoice for the sake of those who, (being left) behind them, have not yet joined them, that they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.
[3.171] They rejoice on account of favor from God and (His) grace, and that God will not waste the reward of the believers.
[3.172] (As for) those who responded (at Ohud) to the call of God and the Apostle after the wound had befallen them, those among them who do good (to others) and guard (against evil)shall have a great reward.
[3.173] Those to whom the people said: Surely men have gathered against you, therefore fear them, but this increased their faith, and they said: God is sufficient for us and most excellent is the Protector.
[3.174] So they returned with favor from God and (His) grace, no evil touched them and they followed the pleasure of God; and God is the Lord of mighty grace.
[3.175] It is only the Shaitan that causes you to fear from his friends, but do not fear them, and fear Me if you are believers.
[3.176] And let not those grieve you who fall into unbelief hastily; surely they can do no harm to God at all; God intends that He should not give them any portion in the hereafter, and they shall have a grievous chastisement.
[3.177] Surely those who have bought unbelief at the price of faith shall do no harm at all to God, and they shall have a painful chastisement.
[3.178] And let not those who disbelieve think that Our granting them respite is better for their souls; We grant them respite only that they may add to their sins; and they shall have a disgraceful chastisement.
[3.179] On no account will God leave the believers in the condition which you are in until He separates the evil from the good; nor is God going to make you acquainted with the unseen, but God chooses of His apostles whom He pleases; therefore believe in God and His apostles; and if you believe and guard (against evil), then you shall have a great reward.
[3.180] And let not those deem, who are niggardly in giving away that which God has granted them out of His grace, that it is good for them; nay, it is worse for them; they shall have that whereof they were niggardly made to cleave to their necks on the resurrection day; and God's is the heritage of the heavens and the earth; and God is aware of what you do.
[3.181] God has certainly heard the saying of those who said: Surely God is poor and we are rich. I will record what they say, and their killing the prophets unjustly, and I will say: Taste the chastisement of burning.
[3.182] This is for what your own hands have sent before and because God is not in the least unjust to the servants.
[3.183] (Those are they) who said: Surely God has enjoined us that we should not believe in any apostle until he brings us an offering which the fire consumes. Say: Indeed, there came to you apostles before me with clear arguments and with that which you demand; why then did you kill them if you are truthful?
[3.184] But if they reject you, so indeed were rejected before you apostles who came with clear arguments and scriptures and the illuminating book.
[3.185] Every soul shall taste of death, and you shall only be paid fully your reward on the resurrection day; then whoever is removed far away from the fire and is made to enter the garden he indeed has attained the object; and the life of this world is nothing but a provision of vanities.
[3.186] You shall certainly be tried respecting your wealth and your souls, and you shall certainly hear from those who have been given the Book before you and from those who are polytheists much annoying talk; and if you are patient and guard (against evil), surely this is one of the affairs (which should be) determined upon.
[3.187] And when God made a covenant with those who were given the Book: You shall certainly make it known to men and you shall not hide it; but they cast it behind their backs and took a small price for it; so evil is that which they buy.
[3.188] Do not think those who rejoice for what they have done and love that they should be praised for what they have not done-- so do by no means think them to be safe from the chastisement, and they shall have a painful chastisement.
[3.189] And God's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and God has power over all things.
[3.190] Most surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day there are signs for men who understand.
[3.191] Those who remember God standing and sitting and lying on their sides and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth: Our Lord! Thou hast not created this in vain! Glory be to Thee; save us then from the chastisement of the fire:
[3.192] Our Lord! surely whomsoever Thou makest enter the fire, him Thou hast indeed brought to disgrace, and there shall be no helpers for the unjust:
[3.193] Our Lord! surely we have heard a preacher calling to the faith, saying: Believe in your Lord, so we did believe; Our Lord! forgive us therefore our faults, and cover our evil deeds and make us die with the righteous.
[3.194] Our Lord! and grant us what Thou hast promised us by Thy apostles; and disgrace us not on the day of resurrection; surely Thou dost not fail to perform the promise.
[3.195] So their Lord accepted their prayer: That I will not waste the work of a worker among you, whether male or female, the one of you being from the other; they, therefore, who fled and were turned out of their homes and persecuted in My way and who fought and were slain, I will most certainly cover their evil deeds, and I will most certainly make them enter gardens beneath which rivers flow; a reward from God, and with God is yet better reward.
[3.196] Let it not deceive you that those who disbelieve go to and fro in the cities fearlessly.
[3.197] A brief enjoyment! then their abode is hell, and evil is the resting-place.
[3.198] But as to those who are careful of (their duty to) their Lord, they shall have gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding in them; an entertainment from their Lord, and that which is with God is best for the righteous.
[3.199] And most surely of the followers of the Book there are those who believe in God and (in) that which has been revealed to you and (in) that which has been revealed to them, being lowly before God; they do not take a small price for the communications of God; these it is that have their reward with their Lord; surely God is quick in reckoning.
[3.200] O you who believe! be patient and excel in patience and remain steadfast, and be careful of (your duty to) God, that you may be successful.


The High Places

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[7.1] Alif Lam Mim Suad.
[7.2] A Book revealed to you-- so let there be no straitness in your breast on account of it-- that you may warn thereby, and a reminder close to the believers.
[7.3] Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord and do not follow guardians besides Him, how little do you mind.
[7.4] And how many a town that We destroyed, so Our punishment came to it by night or while they slept at midday.
[7.5] Yet their cry, when Our punishment came to them, was nothing but that they said: Surely we were unjust.
[7.6] Most certainly then We will question those to whom (the apostles) were sent, and most certainly We will also question the apostles;
[7.7] Then most certainly We will relate to them with knowledge, and We were not absent.
[7.8] And the measuring out on that day will be just; then as for him whose measure (of good deeds) is heavy, those are they who shall be successful;
[7.9] And as for him whose measure (of good deeds) is light those are they who have made their souls suffer loss because they disbelieved in Our communications.
[7.10] And certainly We have established you in the earth and made in it means of livelihood for you; little it is that you give thanks.
[7.11] And certainly We created you, then We fashioned you, then We said to the angels: Make obeJesusnce to Adam. So they did obeJesusnce except Iblis; he was not of those who did obeJesusnce.
[7.12] He said: What hindered you so that you did not make obeJesusnce when I commanded you? He said: I am better than he: Thou hast created me of fire, while him Thou didst create of dust.
[7.13] He said: Then get forth from this (state), for it does not befit you to behave proudly therein. Go forth, therefore, surely you are of the abject ones.
[7.14] He said: Respite me until the day when they are raised up.
[7.15] He said: Surely you are of the respited ones.
[7.16] He said: As Thou hast caused me to remain dJesusppointed I will certainly lie in wait for them in Thy straight path.
[7.17] Then I will certainly come to them from before them and from behind them, and from their right-hand side and from their left-hand side; and Thou shalt not find most of them thankful.
[7.18] He said: Get out of this (state), despised, driven away; whoever of them will follow you, I will certainly fill hell with you all.
[7.19] And (We said): O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the garden; so eat from where you desire, but do not go near this tree, for then you will be of the unjust.
[7.20] But the Shaitan made an evil suggestion to them that he might make manifest to them what had been hidden from them of their evil inclinations, and he said: Your Lord has not forbidden you this tree except that you may not both become two angels or that you may (not) become of the immortals.
[7.21] And he swore to them both: Most surely I am a sincere adviser to you.
[7.22] Then he caused them to fall by deceit; so when they tasted of the tree, their evil inclinations became manifest to them, and they both began to cover themselves with the leaves of the garden; and their Lord called out to them: Did I not forbid you both from that tree and say to you that the Shaitan is your open enemy?
[7.23] They said: Our Lord! We have been unjust to ourselves, and if Thou forgive us not, and have (not) mercy on us, we shall certainly be of the losers.
[7.24] He said: Get forth, some of you, the enemies of others, and there is for you in the earth an abode and a provision for a time.
[7.25] He (also) said: Therein shall you live, and therein shall you die, and from it shall you be raised.
[7.26] O children of Adam! We have indeed sent down to you clothing to cover your shame, and (clothing) for beauty and clothing that guards (against evil), that is the best. This is of the communications of God that they may be mindful.
[7.27] O children of Adam! let not the Shaitan cause you to fall into affliction as he expelled your parents from the garden, pulling off from them both their clothing that he might show them their evil inclinations, he surely sees you, he as well as his host, from whence you cannot see them; surely We have made the Shaitans to be the guardians of those who do not believe.
[7.28] And when they commit an indecency they say: We found our fathers doing this, and God has enjoined it on us. Say: Surely God does not enjoin indecency; do you say against God what you do not know?
[7.29] Say: My Lord has enjoined justice, and set upright your faces at every time of prayer and call on Him, being sincere to Him in obedience; as He brought you forth in the beginning, so shall you also return.
[7.30] A part has He guided aright and (as for another) part, error is justly their due, surely they took the Shaitans for guardians beside God, and they think that they are followers of the right
[7.31] O children of Adam! attend to your embellishments at every time of prayer, and eat and drink and be not extravagant; surely He does not love the extravagant.
[7.32] Say: Who has prohibited the embellishment of God which He has brought forth for His servants and the good provisions? Say: These are for the believers in the life of this world, purely (theirs) on the resurrection day; thus do We make the communications clear for a people who know.
[7.33] Say: My Lord has only prohibited indecencies, those of them that are apparent as well as those that are concealed, and sin and rebellion without justice, and that you associate with God that for which He has not sent down any authority, and that you say against God what you do not know.
[7.34] And for every nation there is a doom, so when their doom is come they shall not remain behind the least while, nor shall they go before.
[7.35] O children of Adam! if there come to you apostles from among you relating to you My communications, then whoever shall guard (against evil) and act aright-- they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve.
[7.36] And (as for) those who reject Our communications and turn away from them haughtily-- these are the inmates of the fire they shall abide in it.
[7.37] Who is then more unjust than he who forges a lie against God or rejects His communications? (As for) those, their portion of the Book shall reach them, until when Our messengers come to them causing them to die, they shall say: Where is that which you used to call upon besides God? They would say: They are gone away from us; and they shall bear witness against themselves that they were unbelievers
[7.38] He will say: Enter into fire among the nations that have passed away before you from among jinn and men; whenever a nation shall enter, it shall curse its sister, until when they have all come up with one another into it; the last of them shall say with regard to the foremost of them: Our Lord! these led us astray therefore give them a double chastisement of the fire. He will say: Every one shall have double but you do not know.
[7.39] And the foremost of them will say to the last of them: So you have no preference over us; therefore taste the chastisement for what you earned.
[7.40] Surely (as for) those who reject Our communications and turn away from them haughtily, the doors of heaven shall not be opened for them, nor shall they enter the garden until the camel pass through the eye of the needle; and thus do We reward the guilty.
[7.41] They shall have a bed of hell-fire and from above them coverings (of it); and thus do We reward the unjust.
[7.42] And (as for) those who believe and do good We do not impose on any soul a duty except to the extent of its ability-- they are the dwellers of the garden; in it they shall abide.
[7.43] And We will remove whatever of ill-feeling is in their breasts; the rivers shall flow beneath them and they shall say: All praise is due to God Who guided us to this, and we would not have found the way had it not been that God had guided us; certainly the apostles of our Lord brought the truth; and it shall be cried out to them that this is the garden of which you are made heirs for what you did.
[7.44] And the dwellers of the garden will call out to the inmates of the fire: Surely we have found what our Lord promised us to be true; have you too found what your Lord promised to be true? They will say: Yes. Then a crier will cry out among them that the curse of God is on the unjust.
[7.45] Who hinder (people) from God's way and seek to make it crooked, and they are disbelievers in the hereafter.
[7.46] And between the two there shall be a veil, and on the most elevated places there shall be men who know all by their marks, and they shall call out to the dwellers of the garden: Peace be on you; they shall not have yet entered it, though they hope.
[7.47] And when their eyes shall be turned towards the inmates of the fire, they shall say: Our Lord! place us not with the unjust
[7.48] And the dwellers of the most elevated places shall ca!l out to men whom they will recognize by their marks saying: Of no avail were to you your amassings and your behaving haughtily:
[7.49] Are these they about whom you swore that God will not bestow mercy on them? Enter the garden; you shall have no fear, nor shall you grieve.
[7.50] And the inmates of the fire shall call out to the dwellers of the garden, saying: Pour on us some water or of that which God has given you. They shall say: Surely God has prohibited them both to the unbelievers.
[7.51] Who take their religion for an idle sport and a play and this life's world deceives them; so today We forsake them, as they neglected the meeting of this day of theirs and as they denied Our communications.
[7.52] And certainly We have brought them a Book which We have made clear with knowledge, a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
[7.53] Do they wait for aught but its final sequel? On the day when its final sequel comes about, those who neglected it before will say: Indeed the apostles of our Lord brought the truth; are there for us then any intercessors so that they should intercede on our behalf? Or could we be sent back so that we should do (deeds) other than those which we did? Indeed they have lost their souls and that which they forged has gone away from them.
[7.54] Surely your Lord is God, Who created the heavens and the earth in six periods of time, and He is firm in power; He throws the veil of night over the day, which it pursues incessantly; and (He created) the sun and the moon and the stars, made subservient by His command; surely His is the creation and the command; blessed is God, the Lord of the worlds.
[7.55] Call on your Lord humbly and secretly; surely He does not love those who exceed the limits.
[7.56] And do not make mischief in the earth after its reformation, and call on Him fearing and hoping; surely the mercy of God is nigh to those who do good (to others).
[7.57] And He it is Who sends forth the winds bearing good news before His mercy, until, when they bring up a laden cloud, We drive it to a dead land, then We send down water on it, then bring forth with it of fruits of all kinds; thus shall We bring forth the dead that you may be mindful.
[7.58] And as for the good land, its vegetation springs forth (abundantly) by the permission of its Lord, and (as for) that which is inferior (its herbage) comes forth but scantily; thus do We repeat the communications for a people who give thanks.
[7.59] Certainly We sent Nuh to his people, so he said: O my people! serve God, you have no god other than Him; surely I fear for you the chastisement of a grievous day.
[7.60] The chiefs of his people said: Most surely we see you in clear error.
[7.61] He said: O my people! there is no error in me, but I am an apostle from the Lord of the worlds.
[7.62] I deliver to you the messages of my Lord, and I offer you good advice and I know from God what you do not know.
[7.63] What! do you wonder that a reminder has come to you from your Lord through a man from among you, that he might warn you and that you might guard (against evil) and so that mercy may be shown to you?
[7.64] But they called him a liar, so We delivered him and those with him in the ark, and We drowned those who rejected Our communications; surely they were a blind people.
[7.65] And to Ad (We sent) their brother Hud. He said: O my people! serve God, you have no god other than Him; will you not then guard (against evil)?
[7.66] The chiefs of those who disbelieved from among his people said: Most surely we see you in folly, and most surely we think you to be of the liars.
[7.67] He said: O my people! there is no folly in me, but I am an apostle of the Lord of the worlds.
[7.68] I deliver to you the messages of my Lord and I am a faithful adviser to you:
[7.69] What! do you wonder that a reminder has come to you from your Lord through a man from among you that he might warn you? And remember when He made you successors after Nuh's people and increased you in excellence in respect of make; therefore remember the benefits of God, that you may be successful.
[7.70] They said: Have you come to us that we may serve God alone and give up what our fathers used to serve? Then bring to us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful ones.
[7.71] He said: Indeed uncleanness and wrath from your Lord have lighted upon you; what! do you dispute with me about names which you and your fathers have given? God has not sent any authority for them; wait then, I too with you will be of those who wait.
[7.72] So We delivered him and those with him by mercy from Us, and We cut off the last of those who rejected Our communications and were not believers.
[7.73] And to Samood (We sent) their brother Salih. He said: O my people! serve God, you have no god other than Him; clear proof indeed has come to you from your Lord; this is (as) God's she-camel for you-- a sign, therefore leave her alone to pasture on God's earth, and do not touch her with any harm, otherwise painful chastisement will overtake you.
[7.74] And remember when He made you successors after Ad and settled you in the land-- you make mansions on its plains and hew out houses in the mountains-- remember therefore God's benefits and do not act corruptly in the land, making mischief.
[7.75] The chief of those who behaved proudly among his people said to those who were considered weak, to those who believed from among them: Do you know that Salih is sent by his Lord? They said: Surely we are believers in what he has been sent with
[7.76] Those who were haughty said: Surely we are deniers of what you believe in.
[7.77] So they slew the she-camel and revolted against their Lord's commandment, and they said: O Salih! bring us what you threatened us with, if you are one of the apostles.
[7.78] Then the earthquake overtook them, so they became motionless bodies in their abode.
[7.79] Then he turned away from them and said: O my people I did certainly deliver to you the message of my Lord, and I gave you good advice, but you do not love those who give good advice.
[7.80] And (We sent) Lut when he said to his people: What! do you commit an indecency which any one in the world has not done before you?
[7.81] Most surely you come to males in lust besides females; nay you are an extravagant people.
[7.82] And the answer of his people was no other than that they said: Turn them out of your town, surely they are a people who seek to purify (themselves).
[7.83] So We delivered him and his followers, except his wife; she was of those who remained behind.
[7.84] And We rained upon them a rain; consider then what was the end of the guilty.
[7.85] And to Madyan (We sent) their brother Shu'aib. He said: 0 my people! serve God, you have no god other than Him; clear proof indeed has come to you from your Lord, therefore give full measure and weight and do not diminish to men their things, and do not make mischief in the land after its reform; this is better for you if you are believers:
[7.86] And do not lie in wait in every path, threatening and turning away from God's way him who believes in Him and seeking to make it crooked; and remember when you were few then He multiplied you, and consider what was the end of the mischief-makers.
[7.87] And if there is a party of you who believe in that with which am sent, and another party who do not believe, then wait patiently until God judges between us; and He is the best of the Judges.
[7.88] The chiefs, those who were proud from among his people said: We will most certainly turn you out, O Shu'aib, and (also; those who believe with you, from our town, or you shall come back to our faith. He said: What! though we dislike (it)?
[7.89] Indeed we shall have forged a lie against God If we go back to your religion after God has delivered us from It, and it befits us not that we should go back to it, except if God our Lord please: Our Lord comprehends all things :n His knowledge; in God do we trust: Our Lord! decide between us and our people with truth; and Thou art the best of deciders.
[7.90] And the chiefs of those who disbelieved from among his people said: If you follow Shu'aib, you shall then most surely be losers
[7.91] Then the earthquake overtook them, so they became motionless bodies in their abode.
[7.92] Those who called Shu'aib a liar were as though they had never dwelt therein; those who called Shu'aib a liar, they were the losers.
[7.93] So he turned away from them and said: O my people! certainly I delivered to you the messages of my Lord and I gave you good advice; how shall I then be sorry for an unbelieving people?
[7.94] And We did not send a prophet in a town but We overtook its people with distress and affliction in order that they might humble themselves.
[7.95] Then We gave them good in the place of evil until they became many and said: Distress and happiness did indeed befall our fathers. Then We took them by surprise while they did not perceive.
[7.96] And if the people of the towns had believed and guarded (against evil) We would certainly have opened up for them blessings from the heaven and the earth, but they rejected, so We overtook them for what they had earned.
[7.97] What! do the people of the towns then feel secure from Our punishment coming to them by night while they sleep?
[7.98] What! do the people of the towns feel secure from Our punishment coming to them in the morning while they play?
[7.99] What! do they then feel secure from God's plan? But none feels secure from God's plan except the people who shall perish.
[7.100] Is it not clear to those who inherit the earth after its (former) residents that if We please We would afflict them on account of their faults and set a seal on their hearts so they would not hear.
[7.101] These towns-- We relate to you some of their stories, and certainly their apostles came to them with clear arguments, but they would not believe in what they rejected at first; thus does God set a seal over the hearts of the unbelievers
[7.102] And We did not find in most of them any (faithfulness to) covenant, and We found most of them to be certainly transgressors.
[7.103] Then we raised after them Moses with Our communications to Firon and his chiefs, but they disbelieved in them; consider then what was the end of the mischief makers.
[7.104] And Moses said: O Firon! surely I am an apostle from the Lord of the worlds:
[7.105] (I am) worthy of not saying anything about God except the truth: I have come to you indeed with clear proof from your Lord, therefore send with me the children of Israel
[7.106] He said: If you have come with a sign, then bring it, if you are of the truthful ones.
[7.107] So he threw his rod, then lo! it was a clear serpent.
[7.108] And he drew forth his hand, and lo! it was white to the beholders.
[7.109] The chiefs of Firon's people said: most surely this is an enchanter possessed of knowledge:
[7.110] He intends to turn you out of your land. What counsel do you then give?
[7.111] They said: Put him off and his brother, and send collectors into the cities:
[7.112] That they may bring to you every enchanter possessed of knowledge.
[7.113] And the enchanters came to Firon (and) said: We must surely have a reward if we are the prevailing ones.
[7.114] He said: Yes, and you shall certainly be of those who are near (to me).
[7.115] They said: O Moses! will you cast, or shall we be the first to cast?
[7.116] He said: Cast. So when they cast, they deceived the people's eyes and frightened them, and they produced a mighty enchantment.
[7.117] And We revealed to Moses, saying: Cast your rod; then lo! it devoured the lies they told.
[7.118] So the truth was established, and what they did became null.
[7.119] Thus they were vanquished there, and they went back abased.
[7.120] And the enchanters were thrown down, prostrating (themselves).
[7.121] They said: We believe in the Lord of the worlds,
[7.122] The Lord of Moses and Haroun.
[7.123] Firon said: Do you believe in Him before I have given you permission? Surely this is a plot which you have secretly devised in this city, that you may turn out of it its people, but you shall know:
[7.124] 1 will certainly cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, then will I crucify you all together.
[7.125] They said: Surely to our Lord shall we go back:
[7.126] And you do not take revenge on us except because we have believed in the communications of our Lord when they came to us! Our Lord: Pour out upon us patience and cause us to die in submission.
[7.127] And the chiefs of Firon's people said: Do you leave Moses and his people to make mischief in the land and to forsake you and your gods? He said: We will slay their sons and spare their women, and surely we are masters over them.
[7.128] Moses said to his people: Ask help from God and be patient; surely the land is God's; He causes such of His servants to inherit it as He pleases, and the end is for those who guard (against evil).
[7.129] They said: We have been persecuted before you came to us and since you have come to us. He said: It may be that your Lord will destroy your enemy and make you rulers in the land, then He will see how you act.
[7.130] And certainly We overtook Firon's people with droughts and diminution of fruits that they may be mindful.
[7.131] But when good befell them they said: This is due to us; and when evil afflicted them, they attributed it to the ill-luck of Moses and those with him; surely their evil fortune is only from God but most of them do not know.
[7.132] And they said: Whatever sign you may bring to us to charm us with it-- we will not believe in you.
[7.133] Therefore We sent upon them widespread death, and the locusts and the lice and the frog and the blood, clear signs; but they behaved haughtily and they were a guilty people.
[7.134] And when the plague fell upon them, they said: O Moses! pray for us to your Lord as He has promised with you, if you remove the plague from us, we will certainly believe in you and we will certainly send away with you the children of Israel.
[7.135] But when We removed the plague from them till a term which they should attain lo! they broke (the promise).
[7.136] Therefore We inflicted retribution on them and drowned them in the sea because they rejected Our signs and were heedless of them.
[7.137] And We made the people who were deemed weak to inherit the eastern lands and the western ones which We had blessed; and the good word of your Lord was fulfilled in the children of Israel because they bore up (sufferings) patiently; and We utterly destroyed what Firon and his people had wrought and what they built.
[7.138] And We made the children of Israel to pass the sea; then they came upon a people who kept to the worship of their idols They said: O Moses! make for us a god as they have (their) gods He said: Surely you are a people acting ignorantly:
[7.139] (As to) these, surely that about which they are shall be brought to naught and that which they do is vain.
[7.140] He said: What! shall I seek for you a god other than God while He has made you excel (all) created things?
[7.141] And when We delivered you from Firon's people who subJected you to severe torment, killing your sons and sparing your women, and in this there was a great trial from your Lord.
[7.142] And We appointed with Moses a time of thirty nights and completed them with ten (more), so the appointed time of his Lord was complete forty nights, and Moses said to his brother Haroun: Take my place among my people, and act well and do not follow the way of the mischief-makers.
[7.143] And when Moses came at Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said: My Lord! show me (Thyself), so that I may look upon Thee. He said: You cannot (bear to) see Me but look at the mountain, if it remains firm in its place, then will you see Me; but when his Lord manifested His glory to the mountain He made it crumble and Moses fell down in a swoon; then when he recovered, he said: Glory be to Thee, I turn to Thee, and I am the first of the believers.
[7.144] He said: O Moses! surely I have chosen you above the people with My messages and with My words, therefore take hold of what I give to you and be of the grateful ones.
[7.145] And We ordained for him in the tablets admonition of every kind and clear explanation of all things; so take hold of them with firmness and enjoin your people to take hold of what is best thereof; I will show you the abode of the transgressors.
[7.146] 1 will turn away from My communications those who are unjustly proud in the earth; and if they see every sign they will not believe m It; and if they see the way of rectitude they do not take It for a way, and if they see the way of error. they take it for a way; this is because they rejected Our communications and were heedless of them.
[7.147] And (as to) those who reject Our communications and the meeting of the hereafter, their deeds are null. Shall they be rewarded except for what they have done?
[7.148] And Moses's people made of their ornaments a calf after him, a (mere) body, which gave a mooing sound. What! could they not see that it did not speak to them nor guide them m the way? They took it (for worship) and they were unjust.
[7.149] And when they repented and saw that they had gone astray, they said: If our Lord show not mercy to us and forgive us we shall certainly be of the losers.
[7.150] And when Moses returned to his people, wrathful (and) in violent grief, he said: Evil is it that you have done after me; did you turn away from the bidding of your Lord? And he threw down the tablets and seized his brother by the head, dragging him towards him. He said: Son of my mother! surely the people reckoned me weak and had well-nigh slain me, therefore make not the enemies to rejoice over me and count me not among the unjust people.
[7.151] He said: My Lord! forgive me and my brother and cause us to enter into Thy mercy, and Thou art the most Merciful of the merciful ones.
[7.152] (As for) those who took the calf (for a god), surely wrath from their Lord and disgrace in this world's life shall overtake them, and thus do We recompense the devisers of lies.
[7.153] And (as to) those who do evil deeds, then repent after that and believe, your Lord after that is most surely Forgiving, Merciful.
[7.154] And when Moses's anger calmed down he took up the tablets, and in the writing thereof was guidance and mercy for those who fear for the sake of their Lord.
[7.155] And Moses chose out of his people seventy men for Our appointment; so when the earthquake overtook them, he said: My Lord! if Thou hadst pleased, Thou hadst destroyed them before and myself (too); wilt Thou destroy us for what the fools among us have done? It is naught but Thy trial, Thou makest err with it whom Thou pleasest and guidest whom Thou pleasest: Thou art our Guardian, therefore forgive us and have mercy on us, and Thou art the best of the forgivers.
[7.156] And ordain for us good in this world's life and m the hereafter, for surely we turn to Thee. He said: (As for) My chastisement, I will afflict with it whom I please, and My mercy encompasses all things; so I will ordain it (specially) for those who guard (against evil) and pay the poor-rate, and those who believe in Our communications.
[7.157] Those who follow the Apostle-Prophet, the Ummi, whom they find written down with them in the Taurat and the Injeel (who) enjoins them good and forbids them evil, and makes lawful to them the good things and makes unlawful to them impure things, and removes from them their burden and the shackles which were upon them; so (as for) those who believe in him and honor him and help him, and follow the light which has been sent down with him, these it is that are the successful.
[7.158] Say: O people! surely I am the Apostle of God to you all, of Him Whose is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth there is no god but He; He brings to life and causes to die therefore believe in God and His apostle, the Ummi Prophet who believes in God and His words, and follow him so that you may walk in the right way.
[7.159] And of Moses's people was a party who guided (people) with the truth, and thereby did they do justice.
[7.160] And We divided them into twelve tribes, as nations; and We revealed to Moses when his people asked him for water: Strike the rock with your staff, so outnowed from it twelve springs; each tribe knew its drinking place; and We made the clouds to give shade over them and We sent to them manna and quails: Eat of the good things We have given you. And they did not do Us any harm, but they did injustice to their own souls.
[7.161] And when it was said to them: Reside in this town and eat from it wherever you wish, and say, Put down from us our heavy burdens: and enter the gate making obeJesusnce, We will forgive you your wrongs: We will give more to those who do good (to others).
[7.162] But those who were unjust among them changed it for a saying other than that which had been spoken to them; so We sent upon them a pestilence from heaven because they were unjust.
[7.163] And ask them about the town which stood by the sea; when they exceeded the limits of the Sabbath, when their fish came to them on the day of their Sabbath, appearing on the surface of the water, and on the day on which they did not keep the Sabbath they did not come to them; thus did We try them because they transgressed.
[7.164] And when a party of them said: Why do you admonish a with a severe chastisement? They said: To be free from blame before your Lord, and that haply they may guard (against evil).
[7.165] So when they neglected what they had been reminded of, We delivered those who forbade evil and We overtook those who were unjust with an evil chastisement because they transgressed.
[7.166] Therefore when they revoltingly persisted in what they had been forbidden, We said to them: Be (as) apes, despised and hated.
[7.167] And when your Lord announced that He would certainly send against them to the day of resurrection those who would subject them to severe torment; most surely your Lord is quick to requite (evil) and most surely He is Forgiving, Merciful.
[7.168] And We cut them up on the earth into parties, (some) of them being righteous and (others) of them falling short of that, and We tried them with blessings and misfortunes that they might turn.
[7.169] Then there came after them an evil posterity who inherited the Book, taking only the frail good of this low life and saying: It will be forgiven us. And if the like good came to them, they would take it (too). Was not a promise taken from them in the Book that they would not speak anything about God but the truth, and they have read what is in it; and the abode of the hereafter is better for those who guard (against evil). Do you not then understand?
[7.170] And (as for) those who hold fast by the Book and keep up prayer, surely We do not waste the reward of the right doers.
[7.171] And when We shook the mountain over them as if it were a covering overhead, and they thought that it was going to fall down upon them: Take hold of what We have given you with firmness, and be mindful of what is in it, so that you may guard (against evil).
[7.172] And when your Lord brought forth from the children of Adam, from their backs, their descendants, and made them bear witness against their own souls: Am I not your Lord? They said: Yes! we bear witness. Lest you should say on the day of resurrection: Surely we were heedless of this.
[7.173] Or you should say: Only our fathers associated others (with God) before, and we were an offspring after them: Wilt Thou then destroy us for what the vain doers did?
[7.174] And thus do We make clear the communications, and that haply they might return.
[7.175] And recite to them the narrative of him to whom We give Our communications, but he withdraws himself from them, so the Shaitan overtakes him, so he is of those who go astray.
[7.176] And if We had pleased, We would certainly have exalted him thereby; but he clung to the earth and followed his low desire, so his parable is as the parable of the dog; if you attack him he lolls out his tongue; and if you leave him alone he lolls out his tongue; this is the parable of the people who reject Our communications; therefore relate the narrative that they may reflect.
[7.177] Evil is the likeness of the people who reject Our communications and are unjust to their own souls.
[7.178] Whomsoever God guides, he is the one who follows the right way; and whomsoever He causes to err, these are the losers.
[7.179] And certainly We have created for hell many of the jinn and the men; they have hearts with which they do not understand, and they have eyes with which they do not see, and they have ears with which they do not hear; they are as cattle, nay, they are in worse errors; these are the heedless ones.
[7.180] And God's are the best names, therefore call on Him thereby, and leave alone those who violate the sanctity of His names; they shall be recompensed for what they did.
[7.181] And of those whom We have created are a people who guide with the truth and thereby they do justice.
[7.182] And (as to) those who reject Our communications, We draw them near (to destruction) by degrees from whence they know not.
[7.183] And I grant them respite; surely My scheme is effective.
[7.184] Do they not reflect that their companion has not unsoundness in mind; he is only a plain warner.
[7.185] Do they not consider the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and whatever things God has created, and that may be their doom shall have drawn nigh; what announcement would they then believe in after this?
[7.186] Whomsoever God causes to err, there is no guide for him; and He leaves them alone in their inordinacy, blindly wandering on.
[7.187] They ask you about the hour, when will be its taking place? Say: The knowledge of it is only with my Lord; none but He shall manifest it at its time; it will be momentous in the heavens and the earth; it will not come on you but of a sudden. They ask you as if you were solicitous about it. Say: Its knowledge is only with God, but most people do not know.
[7.188] Say: I do not control any benefit or harm for my own soul except as God please; and had I known the unseen I would have had much of good and no evil would have touched me; I am nothing but a warner and the giver of good news to a people who believe.
[7.189] He it is Who created you from a single being, and of the same (kind) did He make his mate, that he might incline to her; so when he covers her she bears a light burden, then moves about with it; but when it grows heavy, they both call upon God, their Lord: If Thou givest us a good one, we shall certainly be of the grateful ones.
[7.190] But when He gives them a good one, thcy set up with Him associates in what He has given them; but high is God above what they associate (with Him).
[7.191] What! they associate (with Him) that which does not create any thing, while they are themselves created!
[7.192] And they have no power to give them help, nor can they help themselves.
[7.193] And if you invite them to guidance, they will not follow you; it is the same to you whether you invite them or you are silent.
[7.194] Surely those whom you call on besides God are in a state of subjugation like yourselves; therefore call on them, then let them answer you if you are truthful.
[7.195] Have they feet with which they walk, or have they hands with which they hold, or have they eyes with which they see, or have they ears with which they hear? Say: Call your associates, then make a struggle (to prevail) against me and give me no respite.
[7.196] Surely my guardian is God, Who revealed the Book, and He befriends the good.
[7.197] And those whom you call upon besides Him are not able to help you, nor can they help themselves.
[7.198] And if you invite them to guidance, they do not hear; and you see them looking towards you, yet they do not see.
[7.199] Take to forgiveness and enjoin good and turn aside from the ignorant.
[7.200] And if a false imputation from the Shaitan afflict you, seek refuge in God; surely He is Hearing, Knowing.
[7.201] Surely those who guard (against evil), when a visitation from the Shaitan afflicts them they become mindful, then lo! they see.
[7.202] And their brethren increase them in error, then they cease not.
[7.203] And when you bring them not a revelation they say: Why do you not forge it? Say: I only follow what is revealed to me from my Lord; these are clear proofs from your Lord and a guidance and a mercy for a people who believe.
[7.204] And when the Quran is recited, then listen to it and remain silent, that mercy may be shown to you.
[7.205] And remember your Lord within yourself humbly and fearing and in a voice not loud in the morning and the evening and be not of the heedless ones.
[7.206] Surely those who are with your Lord are not too proud to serve Him, and they declare His glory and throw themselves down in humility before Him.


The Spoils

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[8.1] They ask you about the windfalls. Say: The windfalls are for God and the Apostle. So be careful of (your duty to) God and set aright matters of your difference, and obey God and His Apostle if you are believers.
[8.2] Those only are believers whose hearts become full of fear when God is mentioned, and when His communications are recited to them they increase them in faith, and in their Lord do they trust.
[8.3] Those who keep up prayer and spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them.
[8.4] These are the believers in truth; they shall have from their Lord exalted grades and forgiveness and an honorable sustenance.
[8.5] Even as your Lord caused you to go forth from your house with the truth, though a party of the believers were surely averse;
[8.6] They disputed with you about the truth after it had become clear, (and they went forth) as if they were being driven to death while they saw (it).
[8.7] And when.God promised you one of the two parties that it shall be yours and you loved that the one not armed should he yours and God desired to manifest the truth of what was true by His words and to cut off the root of the unbelievers.
[8.8] That He may manifest the truth of what was true and show the falsehood of what was false, though the guilty disliked.
[8.9] When you sought aid from your Lord, so He answered you: I will assist you with a thousand of the angels following one another.
[8.10] And God only gave it as a good news and that your hearts might be at ease thereby; and victory is only from God; surely God is Mighty, Wise.
[8.11] When He caused calm to fall on you as a security from Him and sent down upon you water from the cloud that He might thereby purify you, and take away from you the uncleanness of the Shaitan, and that He might fortify your hearts and steady (your) footsteps thereby.
[8.12] When your Lord revealed to the angels: I am with you, therefore make firm those who believe. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Therefore strike off their heads and strike off every fingertip of them.
[8.13] This is because they acted adversely to God and His Apostle; and whoever acts adversely to God and His Apostle-- then surely God is severe in requiting (evil).
[8.14] This-- taste it, and (know) that for the unbelievers is the chastisement of fire.
[8.15] O you who believe! when you meet those who disbelieve marching for war, then turn not your backs to them.
[8.16] And whoever shall turn his back to them on that day-- unless he turn aside for the sake of fighting or withdraws to a company-- then he, indeed, becomes deserving of God's wrath, and his abode is hell; and an evil destination shall it be.
[8.17] So you did not slay them, but it was God Who slew them, and you did not smite when you smote (the enemy), but it was God Who smote, and that He might confer upon the believers a good gift from Himself; surely God is Hearing, Knowing.
[8.18] This, and that God is the weakener of the struggle of the unbelievers.
[8.19] If you demanded a judgment, the judgment has then indeed come to you; and if you desist, it will be better for you; and if you turn back (to fight), We (too) shall turn back, and your forces shall avail you nothing, though they may be many, and (know) that God is with the believers.
[8.20] O you who believe! obey God and His Apostle and do not turn back from Him while you hear.
[8.21] And be not like those who said, We hear, and they did not obey.
[8.22] Surely the vilest of animals, in God's sight, are the deaf, the dumb, who do not understand.
[8.23] And if God had known any good in them He would have made them hear, and if He makes them hear they would turn back while they withdraw.
[8.24] O you who believe! answer (the call of) God and His Apostle when he calls you to that which gives you life; and know that God intervenes between man and his heart, and that to Him you shall be gathered.
[8.25] And fear an affliction which may not smite those of you in particular who are unjust; and know that God is severe in requiting (evil).
[8.26] And remember when you were few, deemed weak in the land, fearing lest people might carry you off by force, but He sheltered you and strengthened you with His aid and gave you of the good things that you may give thanks.
[8.27] O you who believe! be not unfaithful to God and the Apostle, nor be unfaithful to your trusts while you know.
[8.28] And know that your property and your children are a temptation, and that God is He with Whom there is a mighty reward.
[8.29] O you who believe! If you are careful of (your duty to) God, He will grant you a distinction and do away with your evils and forgive you; and God is the Lord of mighty grace.
[8.30] And when those who disbelieved devised plans against you that they might confine you or slay you or drive you away; and they devised plans and God too had arranged a plan; and God is the best of planners.
[8.31] And when Our communications are recited to them, they say: We have heard indeed; if we pleased we could say the like of it; this is nothing but the stories of the ancients.
[8.32] And when they said: O God! if this is the truth from Thee, then rain upon us stones from heaven or inflict on us a painful punishment.
[8.33] But God was not going to chastise them while you were among them, nor is God going to chastise them while yet they ask for forgiveness.
[8.34] And what (excuse) have they that God should not chastise them while they hinder (men) from the Sacred Mosque and they are not (fit to be) guardians of it; its guardians are only those who guard (against evil), but most of them do not know.
[8.35] And their prayer before the House is nothing but whistling and clapping of hands; taste then the chastisement, for you disbelieved.
[8.36] Surely those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder (people) from the way of God; so they shall spend it, then it shall be to them an intense regret, then they shall be overcome; and those who disbelieve shall be driven together to hell.
[8.37] That God might separate the impure from the good, and put the impure, some of it upon the other, and pile it up together, then cast it into hell; these it is that are the losers.
[8.38] Say to those who disbelieve, if they desist, that which is past shall be forgiven to them; and if they return, then what happened to the ancients has already passed.
[8.39] And fight with them until there is no more persecution and religion should be only for God; but if they desist, then surely God sees what they do.
[8.40] And if they turn back, then know that God is your Patron; most excellent is the Patron and most excellent the Helper.
[8.41] And know that whatever thing you gain, a fifth of it is for God and for the Apostle and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, if you believe in God and in that which We revealed to Our servant, on the day of distinction, the day on which the two parties met; and God has power over all things.
[8.42] When you were on the nearer side (of the valley) and they were on the farthest side, while the caravan was in a lower place than you; and if you had mutually made an appointment, you would certainly have broken away from the appointment, but-- in order that God might bring about a matter which was to be done, that he who would perish might perish by clear proof, and he who would live might live by clear proof; and most surely God is Hearing, Knowing;
[8.43] When God showed them to you in your dream as few; and if He had shown them to you as many you would certainly have become weak-hearted and you would have disputed about the matter, but God saved (you); surely He is the Knower of what is in the breasts.
[8.44] And when He showed them to you, when you met, as few in your eyes and He made you to appear little in their eyes, in order that God might bring about a matter which was to be done, and to God are all affairs returned.
[8.45] O you who believe! when you meet a party, then be firm, and remember God much, that you may be successful.
[8.46] And obey God and His Apostle and do not quarrel for then you will be weak in hearts and your power will depart, and be patient; surely God is with the patient.
[8.47] And be not like those who came forth from their homes in great exultation and to be seen of men, and (who) turn away from the way of God, and God comprehends what they do.
[8.48] And when the Shaitan made their works fair seeming to them, and said: No one can overcome you this day, and surely I am your protector: but when the two parties came in sight of each other he turned upon his heels, and said: Surely I am clear of you, surely I see what you do not see, surely I fear God; and God is severe in requiting (evil).
[8.49] When the hypocrites and those in whose hearts was disease said: Their religion has deceived them; and whoever trusts in God, then surely God is Mighty, Wise.
[8.50] And had you seen when the angels will cause to die those who disbelieve, smiting their faces and their backs, and (saying): Taste the punishment of burning.
[8.51] This is for what your own hands have sent on before, and because God is not in the least unjust to the servants;
[8.52] In the manner of the people of Firon and those before them; they disbelieved in God's communications, therefore God destroyed them on account of their faults; surely God is strong, severe in requiting (evil).
[8.53] This is because God has never changed a favor which He has conferred upon a people until they change their own condition; and because God is Hearing, Knowing;
[8.54] In the manner of the people of Firon and those before them; they rejected the communications of their Lord, therefore We destroyed them on account of their faults and We drowned Firon's people, and they were all unjust.
[8.55] Surely the vilest of animals in God's sight are those who disbelieve, then they would not believe.
[8.56] Those with whom you make an agreement, then they break their agreement every time and they do not guard (against punishment).
[8.57] Therefore if you overtake them in fighting, then scatter by (making an example of) them those who are in their rear, that they may be mindful.
[8.58] And if you fear treachery on the part of a people, then throw back to them on terms of equality; surely God does not love the treacherous.
[8.59] And let not those who disbelieve think that they shall come in first; surely they will not escape.
[8.60] And prepare against them what force you can and horses tied at the frontier, to frighten thereby the enemy of God and your enemy and others besides them, whom you do not know (but) God knows them; and whatever thing you will spend in God's way, it will be paid back to you fully and you shall not be dealt with unjustly.
[8.61] And if they incline to peace, then incline to it and trust in God; surely He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
[8.62] And if they intend to deceive you-- then surely God is sufficient for you; He it is Who strengthened you with His help and with the believers
[8.63] And united their hearts; had you spent all that is in the earth, you could not have united their hearts, but God united them; surely He is Mighty, Wise.
[8.64] O Prophet! God is sufficient for you and (for) such of the believers as follow you.
[8.65] O Prophet! urge the believers to war; if there are twenty patient ones of you they shall overcome two hundred, and if there are a hundred of you they shall overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they are a people who do not understand.
[8.66] For the present God has made light your burden, and He knows that there is weakness in you; so if there are a hundred patient ones of you they shall overcome two hundred, and if there are a thousand they shall overcome two thousand by God's permission, and God is with the patient.
[8.67] It is not fit for a prophet that he should take captives unless he has fought and triumphed in the land; you desire the frail goods of this world, while God desires (for you) the hereafter; and God is Mighty, Wise.
[8.68] Were it not for an ordinance from God that had already gone forth, surely there would have befallen you a great chastisement for what you had taken to.
[8.69] Eat then of the lawful and good (things) which you have acquired in war, and be careful of (your duty to) God; surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[8.70] O Prophet! say to those of the captives who are in your hands: If God knows anything good in your hearts, He will give to you better than that which has been taken away from you and will forgive you, and God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[8.71] And if they intend to act unfaithfully towards you, so indeed they acted unfaithfully towards God before, but He gave (you) mastery over them; and God is Knowing, Wise.
[8.72] Surely those who believed and fled (their homes) and struggled hard in God's way with their property and their souls, and those who gave shelter and helped-- these are guardians of each other; and (as for) those who believed and did not fly, not yours is their guardianship until they fly; and if they seek aid from you in the matter of religion, aid is incumbent on you except against a people between whom and you there is a treaty, and God sees what you do.
[8.73] And (as for) those who disbelieve, some of them are the guardians of others; if you will not do it, there will be in the land persecution and great mischief.
[8.74] And (as for) those who believed and fled and struggled hard in God's way, and those who gave shelter and helped, these are the believers truly; they shall have forgiveness and honorable provision.
[8.75] And (as for) those who believed afterwards and fled and struggled hard along with you, they are of you; and the possessors of relationships are nearer to each other in the ordinance of God; surely God knows all things.


The Immunity

[9.1] (This is a declaration of) immunity by God and His Apostle towards those of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement.
[9.2] So go about in the land for four months and know that you cannot weaken God and that God will bring disgrace to the unbelievers.
[9.3] And an announcement from God and His Apostle to the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that God and His Apostle are free from liability to the idolaters; therefore if you repent, it will be better for you, and if you turn back, then know that you will not weaken God; and announce painful punishment to those who disbelieve.
[9.4] Except those of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement, then they have not failed you in anything and have not backed up any one against you, so fulfill their agreement to the end of their term; surely God loves those who are careful (of their duty).
[9.5] So when the sacred months have passed away, then slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take them captives and besiege them and lie in wait for them in every ambush, then if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, leave their way free to them; surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.6] And if one of the idolaters seek protection from you, grant him protection till he hears the word of God, then make him attain his place of safety; this is because they are a people who do not know.
[9.7] How can there be an agreement for the idolaters with God and with His Apostle; except those with whom you made an agreement at the Sacred Mosque? So as long as they are true to you, be true to them; surely God loves those who are careful (of their duty).
[9.8] How (can it be)! while if they prevail against you, they would not pay regard in your case to ties of relationship, nor those of covenant; they please you with their mouths while their hearts do not consent; and most of them are transgressors.
[9.9] They have taken a small price for the communications of God, so they turn away from His way; surely evil is it that they do.
[9.10] They do not pay regard to ties of relationship nor those of covenant in the case of a believer; and these are they who go beyond the limits.
[9.11] But if they repent and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, they are your brethren in faith; and We make the communications clear for a people who know.
[9.12] And if they break their oaths after their agreement and (openly) revile your religion, then fight the leaders of unbelief-- surely their oaths are nothing-- so that they may desist.
[9.13] What! will you not fight a people who broke their oaths and aimed at the expulsion of the Apostle, and they attacked you first; do you fear them? But God is most deserving that you should fear Him, if you are believers.
[9.14] Fight them, God will punish them by your hands and bring them to disgrace, and assist you against them and heal the hearts of a believing people.
[9.15] And remove the rage of their hearts; and God turns (mercifully) to whom He pleases, and God is Knowing, Wise.
[9.16] What! do you think that you will be left alone while God has not yet known those of you who have struggled hard and have not taken any one as an adherent besides God and His Apostle and the believers; and God is aware of what you do.
[9.17] The idolaters have no right to visit the mosques of God while bearing witness to unbelief against themselves, these it is whose doings are null, and in the fire shall they abide.
[9.18] Only he shall visit the mosques of God who believes in God and the latter day, and keeps up prayer and pays the poor-rate and fears none but God; so (as for) these, it may be that they are of the followers of the right course.
[9.19] What! do you make (one who undertakes) the giving of drink to the pilgrims and the guarding of the Sacred Mosque like him who believes in God and the latter day and strives hard in God's way? They are not equal with God; and God does not guide the unjust people.
[9.20] Those who believed and fled (their homes), and strove hard in God's way with their property and their souls, are much higher in rank with God; and those are they who are the achievers (of their objects).
[9.21] Their Lord gives them good news of mercy from Himself and (His) good pleasure and gardens, wherein lasting blessings shall be theirs;
[9.22] Abiding therein for ever; surely God has a Mighty reward with Him.
[9.23] O you who believe! do not take your fathers and your brothers for guardians if they love unbelief more than belief; and whoever of you takes them for a guardian, these it is that are the unjust.
[9.24] Say: If your fathers and your sons and your brethren and your mates and your kinsfolk and property which you have acquired, and the slackness of trade which you fear and dwellings which you like, are dearer to you than God and His Apostle and striving in His way, then wait till God brings about His command: and God does not guide the transgressing people.
[9.25] Certainly God helped you in many battlefields and on the day of Hunain, when your great numbers made you vain, but they availed you nothing and the earth became strait to you notwithstanding its spaciousness, then you turned back retreating.
[9.26] Then God sent down His tranquillity upon His Apostle and upon the believers, and sent down hosts which you did not see, and chastised those who disbelieved, and that is the reward of the unbelievers.
[9.27] Then will God after this turn (mercifully) to whom He pleases, and God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.28] O you who believe! the idolaters are nothing but unclean, so they shall not approach the Sacred Mosque after this year; and if you fear poverty then God will enrich you out of His grace if He please; surely God is Knowing Wise.
[9.29] Fight those who do not believe in God, nor in the latter day, nor do they prohibit what God and His Apostle have prohibited, nor follow the religion of truth, out of those who have been given the Book, until they pay the tax in acknowledgment of superiority and they are in a state of subjection.
[9.30] And the Jews say: Uzair is the son of God; and the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of God; these are the words of their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before; may God destroy them; how they are turned away!
[9.31] They have taken their doctors of law and their monks for lords besides God, and (also) the Messiah son of Mary and they were enjoined that they should serve one God only, there is no god but He; far from His glory be what they set up (with Him).
[9.32] They desire to put out the light of God with their mouths, and God will not consent save to perfect His light, though the unbelievers are averse.
[9.33] He it is Who sent His Apostle with guidance and the religion of truth, that He might cause it to prevail over all religions, though the polytheists may be averse.
[9.34] O you who believe! most surely many of the doctors of law and the monks eat away the property of men falsely, and turn (them) from God's way; and (as for) those who hoard up gold and silver and do not spend it in God's way, announce to them a painful chastisement,
[9.35] On the day when it shall be heated in the fire of hell, then their foreheads and their sides and their backs shall be branded with it; this is what you hoarded up for yourselves, therefore taste what you hoarded.
[9.36] Surely the number of months with God is twelve months in God's ordinance since the day when He created the heavens and the earth, of these four being sacred; that is the right reckoning; therefore be not unjust to yourselves regarding them, and fight the polytheists all together as they fight you all together; and know that God is with those who guard (against evil).
[9.37] Postponing (of the sacred month) is only an addition in unbelief, wherewith those who disbelieve are led astray, violating it one year and keeping it sacred another, that they may agree in the number (of months) that God has made sacred, and thus violate what God has made sacred; the evil of their doings is made fairseeming to them; and God does not guide the unbelieving people.
[9.38] O you who believe! What (excuse) have you that when it is said to you: Go forth in God's way, you should incline heavily to earth; are you contented with this world's life instead of the hereafter? But the provision of this world's life compared with the hereafter is but little.
[9.39] If you do not go forth, He will chastise you with a painful chastisement and bring in your place a people other than you, and you will do Him no harm; and God has power over all things.
[9.40] If you will not aid him, God certainly aided him when those who disbelieved expelled him, he being the second of the two, when they were both in the cave, when he said to his companion: Grieve not, surely God is with us. So God sent down His tranquillity upon him and strengthened him with hosts which you did not see, and made lowest the word of those who disbelieved; and the word of God, that is the highest; and God is Mighty, Wise.
[9.41] Go forth light and heavy, and strive hard in God's way with your property and your persons; this is better for you, if you know.
[9.42] Had it been a near advantage and a short journey, they would certainly have followed you, but the tedious journey was too long for them; and they swear by God: If we had been able, we would certainly have gone forth with you; they cause their own souls to perish, and God knows that they are most surely
[9.43] God pardon you! Why did you give them leave until those who spoke the truth had become manifest to you and you had known the liars?
[9.44] They do not ask leave of you who believe in God and the latter day (to stay away) from striving hard with their property and their persons, and God knows those who guard (against evil).
[9.45] They only ask leave of you who do not believe in God and the latter day and their hearts are in doubt, so in their doubt do they waver.
[9.46] And if they had intended to go forth, they would certainly have provided equipment for it, but God did not like their going forth, so He withheld them, and it was said (to them): Hold back with those who hold back.
[9.47] Had they gone forth with you, they would not have added to you aught save corruption, and they would certainly have hurried about among you seeking (to sow) dissension among you, and among you there are those who hearken for their sake; and God knows the unjust.
[9.48] Certainly they sought (to sow) dissension before, and they meditated plots against you until the truth came, and God's commandment prevailed although they were averse (from it).
[9.49] And among them there is he who says: Allow me and do not try me. Surely into trial have they already tumbled down, and most surely hell encompasses the unbelievers.
[9.50] If good befalls you, it grieves them, and if hardship afflicts you, they say: Indeed we had taken care of our affair before; and they turn back and are glad.
[9.51] Say: Nothing will afflict us save what God has ordained for us; He is our.Patron; and on God let the believers rely.
[9.52] Say: Do you await for us but one of two most excellent things? And we await for you that God will afflict you with punishment from Himself or by our hands. So wait; we too will wait with you.
[9.53] Say: Spend willingly or unwillingly, it shall not be accepted from you; surely you are a transgressing people.
[9.54] And nothing hinders their spendings being accepted from them, except that they disbelieve in God and in His Apostle and they do not come to prayer but while they are sluggish, and they do not spend but while they are unwilling.
[9.55] Let not then their property and their children excite your admiration; God only wishes to chastise them with these in this world's life and (that) their souls may depart while they are unbelievers.
[9.56] And they swear by God that they are most surely of you, and they are not of you, but they are a people who are afraid (of you).
[9.57] If they could find a refuge or cave or a place to enter into, they would certainly have turned thereto, running away in all haste.
[9.58] And of them there are those who blame you with respect to the alms; so if they are given from it they are pleased, and if they are not given from it, lo! they are full of rage.
[9.59] And if they were content with what God and His Apostle gave them, and had said: God is sufficient for us; God will soon give us (more) out of His grace and His Apostle too; surely to God do we make our petition.
[9.60] Alms are only for the poor and the needy, and the officials (appointed) over them, and those whose hearts are made to incline (to truth) and the (ransoming of) captives and those in debts and in the way of God and the wayfarer; an ordinance from God; and God is knowing, Wise.
[9.61] And there are some of them who molest the Prophet and say: He is one who believes every thing that he hears; say: A hearer of good for you (who) believes in God and believes the faithful and a mercy for those of you who believe; and (as for) those who molest the Apostle of God, they shall have a painful punishment.
[9.62] They swear to you by God that they might please you and, God, as well as His Apostle, has a greater right that they should please Him, if they are believers.
[9.63] Do they not know that whoever acts in opposition to God and His Apostle, he shall surely have the fire of hell to abide in it? That is the grievous abasement.
[9.64] The hypocrites fear lest a chapter should be sent down to them telling them plainly of what is in their hearts. Say: Go on mocking, surely God will bring forth what you fear.
[9.65] And if you should question them, they would certainly say: We were only idly discoursing and sporting. Say: Was it at God and His communications and His Apostle that you mocked?
[9.66] Do not make excuses; you have denied indeed after you had believed; if We pardon a party of you, We will chastise (another) party because they are guilty.
[9.67] The hypocritical men and the hypocritical women are all alike; they enjoin evil and forbid good and withhold their hands; they have forsaken God, so He has forsaken them; surely the hypocrites are the transgressors.
[9.68] God has promised the hypocritical men and the hypocritical women and the unbelievers the fire of hell to abide therein; it is enough for them; and God has cursed them and they shall have lasting punishment.
[9.69] Like those before you; they were stronger than you in power and more abundant in wealth and children, so they enjoyed their portion; thus have you enjoyed your portion as those before you enjoyed their portion; and you entered into vain discourses like the vain discourses in which entered those before you. These are they whose works are null in this world and the hereafter, and these are they who are the losers.
[9.70] Has not the news of those before them come to them; of the people of Nuh and Ad and Samood, and the people of Ibrahim and the dwellers of Madyan and the overthrown cities; their apostles came to them with clear arguments; so it was not God Who should do them injustice, but they were unjust to themselves.
[9.71] And (as for) the believing men and the believing women, they are guardians of each other; they enjoin good and forbid evil and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate, and obey God and His Apostle; (as for) these, God will show mercy to them; surely God is Mighty, Wise.
[9.72] God has promised to the believing men and the believing women gardens, beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them, and goodly dwellings in gardens of perpetual abode; and best of all is God's goodly pleasure; that is the grand achievement.
[9.73] O Prophet! strive hard against the unbelievers and the hypocrites and be unyielding to them; and their abode is hell, and evil is the destination.
[9.74] They swear by God that they did not speak, and certainly they did speak, the word of unbelief, and disbelieved after their Islam, and they had determined upon what they have not been able to effect, and they did not find fault except because God and His Apostle enriched them out of His grace; therefore if they repent, it will be good for them; and if they turn back, God will chastise them with a painful chastisement in this world and the hereafter, and they shall not have in the land any guardian or a helper.
[9.75] And there are those of them who made a covenant with God: If He give us out of His grace, we will certainly give alms and we will certainly be of the good.
[9.76] But when He gave them out of His grace, they became niggardly of it and they turned back and they withdrew.
[9.77] So He made hypocrisy to follow as a consequence into their hearts till the day when they shall meet Him because they failed to perform towards God what they had promised with Him and because they told lies.
[9.78] Do they not know that God knows their hidden thoughts and their secret counsels, and that God is the great Knower of the unseen things?
[9.79] They who taunt those of the faithful who give their alms freely, and those who give to the extent of their earnings and scoff at them; God will pay them back their scoffing, and they shall have a painful chastisement.
[9.80] Ask forgiveness for them or do not ask forgiveness for them; even if you ask forgiveness for them seventy times, God will not forgive them; this is because they disbelieve in God and His Apostle, and God does not guide the transgressing people.
[9.81] Those who were left behind were glad on account of their sitting behind God's Apostle and they were averse from striving m God's way with their property and their persons, and said: Do not go forth in the heat. Say: The fire of hell is much severe in heat. Would that they understood (it).
[9.82] Therefore they shall laugh little and weep much as a recompense for what they earned.
[9.83] Therefore if God brings you back to a party of them and then they ask your permission to go forth, say: By no means shall you ever go forth with me and by no means shall you fight an enemy with me; surely you chose to sit the first time, therefore sit (now) with those who remain behind.
[9.84] And never offer prayer for any one of them who dies and do not stand by his grave; surely they disbelieve in God and His Apostle and they shall die in transgression.
[9.85] And let not their property and their children excite your admlration; God only wishes to chastise them with these in this world and (that) their souls may depart while they are unbelievers
[9.86] And whenever a chapter is revealed, saying: Believe in God and strive hard along with His Apostle, those having ampleness of means ask permission of you and say: Leave us (behind), that we may be with those who sit.
[9.87] They preferred to be with those who remained behind, and a seal is set on their hearts so they do not understand.
[9.88] But the Apostle and those who believe with him strive hard with their property and their persons; and these it is who shall have the good things and these it is who shall be successful.
[9.89] God has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them; that is the great achievement. And the defaulters from among the dwellers of the desert came that permission may be given to them and they sat (at home) who lied to God and His Apostle; a painful chastisement shall afflict those of them who disbelieved.
[9.91] It shall be no crime in the weak, nor in the sick, nor in those who do not find what they should spend (to stay behind), so long as they are sincere to God and His Apostle; there is no way (to blame) against the doers of good; and God is Forgiving, Merciful;
[9.92] Nor in those who when they came to you that you might carry them, you said: I cannot find that on which to carry you; they went back while their eyes overflowed with tears on account of grief for not finding that which they should spend.
[9.93] The way (to blame) is only against those who ask permission of you though they are rich; they have chosen to be with those who remained behind, and God has set a seal upon their hearts so they do not know.
[9.94] They will excuse themselves to you when you go back to them. Say: Urge no excuse, by no means will we believe you; indeed God has informed us of matters relating to you; and now God and His Apostle will see your doings, then you shall be brought back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen, then He will inform you of what you did.
[9.95] They will swear to you by God when you return to them so that you may turn aside from them; so do turn aside from them; surely they are unclean and their abode is hell; a recompense for what they earned.
[9.96] They will swear to you that you may be pleased with them; but if you are pleased with them, yet surely God is not pleased with the transgressing people.
[9.97] The dwellers of the desert are very hard in unbelief and hypocrisy, and more disposed not to know the limits of what God has revealed to His Apostle; and God is Knowing, Wise.
[9.98] And of the dwellers of the desert are those who take what they spend to be a fine, and they wait (the befalling of) calamities to you; on them (will be) the evil calamity; and God is Hearing, Knowing.
[9.99] And of the dwellers of the desert are those who believe in God and the latter day and take what they spend to be (means of) the nearness of God and the Apostle's prayers; surely it shall be means of nearness for them; God will make them enter into His mercy; surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.100] And (as for) the foremost, the first of the Muhajirs and the Ansars, and those who followed them in goodness, God is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flOw, to abide in them for ever; that is the mighty achievement.
[9.101] And from among those who are round about you of the dwellers of the desert there are hypocrites, and from among the people of Medina (also); they are stubborn in hypocrisy; you do not know them; We know them; We will chastise them twice then shall they be turned back to a grievous chastisement
[9.102] And others have confessed their faults, they have mingled a good deed and an evil one; may be God will turn to them (mercifully); surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.103] Take alms out of their property, you would cleanse them and purify them thereby, and pray for them; surely your prayer is a relief to them; and God is Hearing, Knowing.
[9.104] Do they not know that God accepts repentance from His servants and takes the alms, and that God is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful?
[9.105] And say: Work; so God will see your work and (so will) His Apostle and the believers; and you shall be brought back to the Knower of the unseen and the seen, then He will inform you of what you did.
[9.106] And others are made to await God's command, whether He chastise them or whether He turn to them (mercifully), and God is Knowing, Wise.
[9.107] And those who built a masjid to cause harm and for unbelief and to cause disunion among the believers and an ambush to him who made war against God and His Apostle before; and they will certainly swear: We did not desire aught but good; and God bears witness that they are most surely liars.
[9.108] Never stand in it; certainly a masjid founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should stand in it; in it are men who love that they should be purified; and God loves those who purify themselves.
[9.109] Is he, therefore, better who lays his foundation on fear of God and (His) good pleasure, or he who lays his foundation on the edge of a cracking hollowed bank, so it broke down with him into the fire of hell; and God does not guide the unjust people.
[9.110] The building which they have built will ever continue to be a source of disquiet in their hearts, except that their hearts get cut into pieces; and God is Knowing, Wise.
[9.111] Surely God has bought of the believers their persons and their property for this, that they shall have the garden; they fight in God's way, so they slay and are slain; a promise which is binding on Him in the Taurat and the Injeel and the Quran; and who is more faithful to his covenant than God? Rejoice therefore in the pledge which you have made; and that is the mighty achievement.
[9.112] They who turn (to God), who serve (Him), who praise (Him), who fast, who bow down, who prostrate themselves, who enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil, and who keep the limits of God; and give good news to the believers.
[9.113] It is not (fit) for the Prophet and those who believe that they should ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even though they should be near relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are inmates of the flaming fire.
[9.114] And Ibrahim asking forgiveness for his sire was only owing to a promise which he had made to him; but when it became clear to him that he was an enemy of God, he declared himself to be clear of him; most surely Ibrahim was very tender-hearted forbearing.
[9.115] It is not (attributable to) God that He should lead a people astray after He has guided them; He even makes clear to them what they should guard against; surely God knows all things.
[9.116] Surely God's is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He brings to life and causes to die; and there is not for you besides God any Guardian or Helper.
[9.117] Certainly God has turned (mercifully) to the Prophet and those who fled (their homes) and the helpers who followed him in the hour of straitness after the hearts of a part of them were about to deviate, then He turned to them (mercifully); surely to them He is Compassionate, Merciful.
[9.118] And to the three who were left behind, until the earth became strait to them notwithstanding its spaciousness and their souls were also straitened to them; and they knew it for certain that there was no refuge from God but in Him; then He turned to them (mercifully) that they might turn (to Him); surely God is the Oft-returning (to mercy), the Merciful.
[9.119] O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) God and be with the true ones.
[9.120] It did not beseem the people of Medina and those round about them of the dwellers of the desert to remain behind the Apostle of God, nor should they desire (anything) for themselves in preference to him; this is because there afflicts them not thirst or fatigue or hunger in God's way, nor do they tread a path which enrages the unbelievers, nor do they attain from the enemy what they attain, but a good work is written down to them on account of it; surely God does not waste the reward of the doers of good;
[9.121] Nor do they spend anything that may be spent, small or great, nor do they traverse a valley, but it is written down to their credit, that God may reward them with the best of what they have done.
[9.122] And it does not beseem the believers that they should go forth all together; why should not then a company from every party from among them go forth that they may apply themselves to obtain understanding in religion, and that they may warn their people when they come back to them that they may be cautious?
[9.123] O you who believe! fight those of the unbelievers who are near to you and let them find in you hardness; and know that God is with those who guard (against evil).
[9.124] And whenever a chapter is revealed, there are some of them who say: Which of you has it strengthened in faith? Then as for those who believe, it strengthens them in faith and they rejoice.
[9.125] And as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it adds uncleanness to their uncleanness and they die while they are unbelievers.
[9.126] Do they not see that they are tried once or twice in every year, yet they do not turn (to God) nor do they mind.
[9.127] And whenever a chapter is revealed, they cast glances at one another: Does any one see you? Then they turn away: God has turned away their hearts because they are a people who do not understand.
[9.128] Certainly an Apostle has come to you from among yourselves; grievous to him is your falling into distress, excessively solicitous respecting you; to the believers (he is) compassionate,
[9.129] But if they turn back, say: God is sufficient for me, there is no god but He; on Him do I rely, and He is the Lord of mighty power.

 


The Prophets

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[21.1] Their reckoning has drawn near to men, and in heedlessness are they turning aside.
[21.2] There comes not to them a new reminder from their Lord but they hear it while they sport,
[21.3] Their hearts trifling; and those who are unjust counsel together in secret: He is nothing but a mortal like yourselves; what! will you then yield to enchantment while you see?
[21.4] He said: My Lord knows what is spoken in the heaven and the earth, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
[21.5] Nay! say they: Medleys of dreams; nay! he has forged it; nay! he is a poet; so let him bring to us a sign as the former (prophets) were sent (with).
[21.6] There did not believe before them any town which We destroyed, will they then believe?
[21.7] And We did not send before you any but men to whom We sent revelation, so ask the followers of the reminder if you do not
[21.8] And We did not make them bodies not eating the food, and they were not to abide (forever).
[21.9] Then We made Our promise good to them, so We delivered them and those whom We pleased, and We destroyed the ex
[21.10] Certainly We have revealed to you a Book in which is your good remembrance; what! do you not then understand?
[21.11] And how many a town which was iniquitous did We demolish, and We raised up after it another people!
[21.12] So when they felt Our punishment, lo! they began to fly
[21.13] Do not fly (now) and come back to what you were made to lead easy lives in and to your dwellings, haply you will be questioned.
[21.14] They said: O woe to us! surely we were unjust.
[21.15] And this ceased not to be their cry till We made them cut
[21.16] And We did not create the heaven and the earth and what is between them for sport.
[21.17] Had We wished to make a diversion, We would have made it from before Ourselves: by no means would We do (it).
[21.18] Nay! We cast the truth against the falsehood, so that it breaks its head, and lo! it vanishes; and woe to you for what you describe;
[21.19] And whoever is in the heavens and the earth is His; and those who are with Him are not proud to serve Him, nor do they grow weary.
[21.20] They glorify (Him) by night and day; they are never languid.
[21.21] Or have they taken gods from the earth who raise (the dead).
[21.22] If there had been in them any gods except God, they would both have certainly been in a state of disorder; therefore glory be to God, the Lord of the dominion, above what they attribute (to Him).
[21.23] He cannot be questioned concerning what He does and they shall be questioned.
[21.24] Or, have they taken gods besides Him? Say: Bring your proof; this is the reminder of those with me and the reminder of those before me. Nay! most of them do not know the truth, so they turn aside.
[21.25] And We did not send before you any apostle but We revealed to him that there is no god but Me, therefore serve Me.
[21.26] And they say: The Beneficent God has taken to Himself a ! son. Glory be to Him. Nay! they are honored servants
[21.27] They do not precede Him in speech and (only) according to His commandment do they act.
[21.28] He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they do not intercede except for him whom He approves and for fear of Him they tremble.
[21.29] And whoever of them should say: Surely I am a god besides Him, such a one do We recompense with hell; thus do, We recompense the unjust.
[21.30] Do not those who disbelieve see that the heavens and the earth were closed up, but We have opened them; and We have made of water everything living, will they not then believe?
[21.31] And We have made great mountains in the earth lest it might be convulsed with them, and We have made in it wide ways that they may follow a right direction.
[21.32] And We have made the heaven a guarded canopy and (yet) they turn aside from its signs.
[21.33] And He it is Who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon; all (orbs) travel along swiftly in their celestial spheres.
[21.34] And We did not ordain abiding for any mortal before you. What! Then if you die, will they abide?
[21.35] Every soul must taste of death and We try you by evil and good by way of probation; and to Us you shall be brought back.
[21.36] And when those who disbelieve see you, they do not take you but for one to be scoffed at: Is this he who speaks of your gods? And they are deniers at the mention of the Beneficent God.
[21.37] Man is created of haste; now will I show to you My signs, therefore do not ask Me to hasten (them) on.
[21.38] And they say: When will this threat come to pass if you are truthful?
[21.39] Had those who disbelieve but known (of the time) when they shall not be able to ward off the fire from their faces nor from their backs, nor shall they be helped.
[21.40] Nay, it shall come on them all of a sudden and cause them to become confounded, so they shall not have the power to avert it, nor shall they be respited.
[21.41] And certainly apostles before you were scoffed at, then there befell those of them who scoffed that at which they had scoffed.
[21.42] Say: Who guards you by night and by day from the Beneficent God? Nay, they turn aside at the mention of their Lord.
[21.43] Or, have they gods who can defend them against Us? They shall not be able to assist themselves, nor shall they be defended from Us.
[21.44] Nay, We gave provision to these and their fathers until life was prolonged to them. Do they not then see that We are visiting the land, curtailing it of its sides? Shall they then prevail?
[21.45] Say: I warn you only by revelation; and the deaf do not hear the call whenever they are warned.
[21.46] And if a blast of the chastisement of your Lord were to touch them, they will certainly say: O woe to us! surely we were unjust.
[21.47] And We will set up a just balance on the day of resurrection, so no soul shall be dealt with unjustly in the least; and though there be the weight of a grain of mustard seed, (yet) will We bring it, and sufficient are We to take account.
[21.48] And certainly We gave to Moses and Haroun the Furqan and a light and a reminder for those who would guard (against evil).
[21.49] (For) those who fear their Lord in secret and they are fearful of the hour.
[21.50] And this is a blessed Reminder which We have revealed; will you then deny it?
[21.51] And certainly We gave to Ibrahim his rectitude before, and We knew him fully well.
[21.52] When he said to his father and his people: What are these images to whose worship you cleave?
[21.53] They said: We found our fathers worshipping them.
[21.54] He said: Certainly you have been, (both) you and your fathers, in manifest error.
[21.55] They said: Have you brought to us the truth, or are you one of the triflers?
[21.56] He said: Nay! your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, Who brought them into existence, and I am of those who bear witness to this:
[21.57] And, by God! I will certainly do something against your idols after you go away, turning back.
[21.58] So he broke them into pieces, except the chief of them, that haply they may return to it.
[21.59] They said: Who has done this to our gods? Most surely he is one of the unjust.
[21.60] They said: We heard a youth called Ibrahim speak of them.
[21.61] Said they: Then bring him before the eyes of the people, perhaps they may bear witness.
[21.62] They said: Have you done this to our gods, O Ibrahim?
[21.63] He said: Surely (some doer) has done it; the chief of them is this, therefore ask them, if they can speak.
[21.64] Then they turned to themselves and said: Surely you yourselves are the unjust;
[21.65] Then they were made to hang down their heads: Certainly you know that they do not speak.
[21.66] He said:.What! do you then serve besides God what brings you not any benefit at all, nor does it harm you?
[21.67] Fie on you and on what you serve besides God; what! do you not then understand?
[21.68] They said: Burn him and help your gods, if you are going to do (anything).
[21.69] We said: O fire! be a comfort and peace to Ibrahim;
[21.70] And they desired a war on him, but We made them the greatest losers.
[21.71] And We delivered him as well as Lut (removing them) to the land which We had blessed for all people.
[21.72] And We gave him Ishaq and Yaqoub, a son's son, and We made (them) all good.
[21.73] And We made them Imams who guided (people) by Our command, and We revealed to them the doing of good and the keeping up of prayer and the giving of the alms, and Us (alone) did they serve;
[21.74] And (as for) Lut, We gave him wisdom and knowledge, and We delivered him from the town which wrought abominations; surely they were an evil people, transgressors;
[21.75] And We took him into Our mercy; surely he was of the good.
[21.76] And Nuh, when he cried aforetime, so We answered him, and delivered him and his followers from the great calamity.
[21.77] And We helped him against the people who rejected Our communications; surely they were an evil people, so We drowned them all.
[21.78] And Dawood and Solomon when they gave judgment concerning the field when the people's sheep pastured therein by night, and We were bearers of witness to their judgment.
[21.79] So We.made Solomon to understand it; and to each one We gave wisdom and knowledge; and We made the mountains, and the birds to celebrate Our praise with Dawood; and We were the doers.
[21.80] And We taught him the making of coats of mail for you, that they might protect you in your wars; will you then be grateful?
[21.81] And (We made subservient) to Solomon the wind blowing violent, pursuing its course by his command to the land which We had blessed, and We are knower of ail things.
[21.82] And of the rebellious people there were those who dived for him and did other work besides that, and We kept guard over them;
[21.83] And Ayub, when he cried to his Lord, (saying): Harm has afflicted me, and Thou art the most Merciful of the merciful.
[21.84] Therefore We responded to him and took off what harm he had, and We gave him his family and the like of them with them: a mercy from Us and a reminder to the worshippers.
[21.85] And Ismail and Idris and Zulkifl; all were of the patient ones;
[21.86] And We caused them to enter into Our mercy, surely they were of the good ones.
[21.87] And Yunus, when he went away in wrath, so he thought that We would not straiten him, so he called out among afflictions: There is no god but Thou, glory be to Thee; surely I am of those who make themselves to suffer loss.
[21.88] So We responded to him and delivered him from the grief and thus do We deliver the believers.
[21.89] And Zakariya, when he cried to his Lord: O my Lord leave me not alone; and Thou art the best of inheritors.
[21.90] So We responded to him and gave him Yahya and made his wife fit for him; surely they used to hasten, one with another In deeds of goodness and to call upon Us, hoping and fearing and they were humble before Us.
[21.91] And she who guarded her chastity, so We breathed into her of Our inspiration and made her and her son a sign for the nations.
[21.92] Surely this Islam is your religion, one religion (only), and I am your Lord, therefore serve Me.
[21.93] And they broke their religion (into sects) between them: to Us shall all come back.
[21.94] Therefore whoever shall do of good deeds and he is a believer, there shall be no denying of his exertion, and surely We will write (It) down for him.
[21.95] And it is binding on a town which We destroy that they shall not return.
[21.96] Even when Gog and Magog are let loose and they shall break forth from every elevated place.
[21.97] And the true promise shall draw nigh, then lo! the eyes of those who disbelieved shall be fixedly open: O woe to us! surely we were m a state of heedlessness as to this; nay, we were unjust.
[21.98] Surely you and what you worship besides God are the firewood of hell; to it you shall come.
[21.99] Had these been gods, they would not have come to it and all shall abide therein.
[21.100] For them therein shall be groaning and therein they shall not hear.
[21.101] Surely (as for) those for whom the good has already gone forth from Us, they shall be kept far off from it;
[21.102] They will not hear its faintest sound, and they shall abide in that which their souls long for.
[21.103] The great fearful event shall not grieve them, and the angels shall meet them: This is your day which you were promised.
[21.104] On the day when We will roll up heaven like the rolling up of the scroll for writings, as We originated the first creation, (so) We shall reproduce it; a promise (binding on Us); surely We will bring it about.
[21.105] And certainly We wrote in the Book after the reminder that (as for) the land, My righteous servants shall inherit it.
[21.106] Most surely in this is a message to a people who serve
[21.107] And We have hot sent you but as a mercy to the worlds.
[21.108] Say: It is only revealed to me that your God is one God; will you then submit?
[21.109] But if they turn back, say: I have given you warning m fairness and I do not know whether what you are threatened with is near or far:
[21.110] Surely He knows what is spoken openly and He knows what you hide:
[21.111] And I do not know if this may be a trial for you and a provision till a time.
[21.112] He said: O my Lord! judge Thou with truth; and our Lord is the Beneficent God, Whose help is sought against what you ascribe (to Him).
 


The Pilgrimage

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[22.1] O people! guard against (the punishment from) your Lord; surely the violence of the hour is a grievous thing.
[22.2] On the day when you shall see it, every woman giving suck shall quit in confusion what she suckled, and every pregnant woman shall lay down her burden, and you shall see men intoxicated, and they shall not be intoxicated but the chastisement of God will be severe.
[22.3] And among men there is he who disputes about God without knowledge and follows every rebellious Shaitan;
[22.4] Against him it is written down that whoever takes him for a friend, he shall lead him astray and conduct him to the chastisement of the burning fire.
[22.5] O people! if you are in doubt about the raising, then surely We created you from dust, then from a small seed, then from a clot, then from a lump of flesh, complete in make and incomplete, that We may make clear to you; and We cause what We please to stay in the wombs till an appointed time, then We bring you forth as babies, then that you may attain your maturity; and of you is he who is caused to die, and of you is he who is brought back to the worst part of life, so that after having knowledge he does not know anything; and you see the earth sterile land, but when We send down on it the water, it stirs and swells and brings forth of every kind a beautiful herbage.
[22.6] This is because God is the Truth and because He gives life to the dead and because He has power over all things
[22.7] And because the hour is coming, there is no doubt about it; and because God shall raise up those who are in the graves.
[22.8] And among men there is he who disputes about God without knowledge and without guidance and without an illuminating book,
[22.9] Turning away haughtily that he may lead (others) astray from the way of God; for him is disgrace in this world, and on the day of resurrection We will make him taste the punishment of burning:
[22.10] This is due to what your two hands have sent before, and because God is not in the least unjust to the servants.
[22.11] And among men is he who serves God (standing) on the verge, so that if good befalls him he is satisfied therewith, but if a trial afflict him he turns back headlong; he loses this world as well as the hereafter; that is a manifest loss.
[22.12] He calls besides God upon that which does not harm him and that which does not profit him, that is the great straying.
[22.13] He calls upon him whose harm is nearer than his profit; evil certainly is the guardian and evil certainly is the associate.
[22.14] Surely God will cause those who believe and do good deeds to enter gardens beneath which rivers flow, surely God does what He pleases.
[22.15] Whoever thinks that God will not assist him in this life and the hereafter, let him stretch a rope to the ceiling, then let him cut (it) off, then let him see if his struggle will take away that at which he is enraged.
[22.16] And thus have We revealed it, being clear arguments, and because God guides whom He intends.
[22.17] Surely those who believe and those who are Jews and the Sabeans and the Christians and the Magians and those who associate (others with God)-- surely God will decide between them on the day of resurrection; surely God is a witness over all things.
[22.18] Do you not see that God is He, Whom obeys whoever is in the heavens and whoever is in the earth, and the sun and the moon and the stars, and the mountains and the trees, and the animals and many of the people; and many there are against whom chastisement has become necessary; and whomsoever God abases, there is none who can make him honorable; surely God does what He pleases.
[22.19] These are two adversaries who dispute about their Lord; then (as to) those who disbelieve, for them are cut out garments of fire, boiling water shall be poured over their heads.
[22.20] With it shall be melted what is in their bellies and (their) skins as well.
[22.21] And for them are whips of iron.
[22.22] Whenever they will desire to go forth from it, from grief, they shall be turned back into it, and taste the chastisement of burning.
[22.23] Surely God will make those who believe and do good deeds enter gardens beneath which rivers flow; they shall be adorned therein with bracelets of gold and (with) pearls, and their garments therein shall be of silk.
[22.24] And they are guided to goodly words and they are guided into the path of the Praised One.
[22.25] Surely (as for) those who disbelieve, and hinder (men) from God's way and from the Sacred Mosque which We have made equally for all men, (for) the dweller therein and (for) the visitor, and whoever shall incline therein to wrong unjustly, We will make him taste of a painful chastisement.
[22.26] And when We assigned to Ibrahim the place of the House, saying: Do not associate with Me aught, and purify My House for those who make the circuit and stand to pray and bow and prostrate themselves.
[22.27] And proclaim among men the Pilgrimage: they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, coming from every remote path,
[22.28] That they may witness advantages for them and mention the name of God during stated days over what He has given them of the cattle quadrupeds, then eat of them and feed the distressed one, the needy.
[22.29] Then let them accomplish their needful acts of shaving and cleansing, and let them fulfil their vows and let them go round the Ancient House.
[22.30] That (shall be so); and whoever respects the sacred ordinances of God, it is better for him with his Lord; and the cattle are made lawful for you, except that which is recited to you, therefore avoid the uncleanness of the idols and avoid false words,
[22.31] Being upright for God, not associating aught with Him and whoever associates (others) with God, it is as though he had fallen from on high, then the birds snatch him away or the wind carries him off to a far-distant place.
[22.32] That (shall be so); and whoever respects the signs of God, this surely is (the outcome) of the piety of hearts.
[22.33] You have advantages in them till a fixed time, then their place of sacrifice is the Ancient House.
[22.34] And to every nation We appointed acts of devotion that they may mention the name of God on what He has given them of the cattle quadrupeds; so your God is One God, therefore to Him should you submit, and give good news to the humble,
[22.35] (To) those whose hearts tremble when God is mentioned, and those who are patient under that which afflicts them, and those who keep up prayer, and spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them.
[22.36] And (as for) the camels, We have made them of the signs of the religion of God for you; for you therein is much good; therefore mention the name of God on them as they stand in a row, then when they fall down eat of them and feed the poor man who is contented and the beggar; thus have We made them subservient to you, that you may be grateful.
[22.37] There does not reach God their flesh nor their blood, but to Him is acceptable the guarding (against evil) on your part; thus has He made them subservient to you, that you may magnify God because He has guided you aright; and give good news to those who do good (to others).
[22.38] Surely God will defend those who believe; surely God does not love any one who is unfaithful, ungrateful.
[22.39] Permission (to fight) is given to those upon whom war is made because they are oppressed, and most surely God is well able to assist them;
[22.40] Those who have been expelled from their homes without a just cause except that they say: Our Lord is God. And had there not been God's repelling some people by others, certainly there would have been pulled down cloisters and churches and synagogues and mosques in which God's name is much remembered; and surely God will help him who helps His cause; most surely God is Strong, Mighty.
[22.41] Those who, should We establish them in the land, will keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and enjoin good and forbid evil; and God's is the end of affairs.
[22.42] And if they reject you, then already before you did the people of Nuh and Ad and Samood reject (prophets).
[22.43] And the people of Ibrahim and the people of Lut,
[22.44] As well as those of Madyan and Moses (too) was rejected, but I gave respite to the unbelievers, then did I overtake them, so how (severe) was My dJesuspproval.
[22.45] So how many a town did We destroy while it was unjust, so it was fallen down upon its roofs, and (how many a) deserted well and palace raised high.
[22.46] Have they not travelled in the land so that they should have hearts with which to understand, or ears with which to hear? For surely it is not the eyes that are blind, but blind are the hearts which are in the breasts.
[22.47] And they ask you to hasten on the punishment, and God will by no means fail in His promise, and surely a day with your Lord is as a thousand years of what you number.
[22.48] And how many a town to which I gave respite while it was unjust, then I overtook it, and to Me is the return.
[22.49] Say: O people! I am only a plain warner to you.
[22.50] Then (as for) those who believe and do good, they shall have forgiveness and an honorable sustenance.
[22.51] And (as for) those who strive to oppose Our communications, they shall be the inmates of the flaming fire.
[22.52] And We did not send before you any apostle or prophet, but when he desired, the Shaitan made a suggestion respecting his desire; but God annuls that which the Shaitan casts, then does God establish His communications, and God is Knowing, Wise,
[22.53] So that He may make what the Shaitan casts a trial for those in whose hearts is disease and those whose hearts are hard; and most surely the unjust are in a great opposition,
[22.54] And that those who have been given the knowledge may know that it is the truth from your Lord, so they may believe in it and their hearts may be lowly before it; and most surely God is the Guide of those who believe into a right path.
[22.55] And those who disbelieve shall not cease to be in doubt concerning it until the hour overtakes them suddenly, or there comes on them the chastisement of a destructive day.
[22.56] The kingdom on that day shall be God's; He will judge between them; so those who believe and do good will be in gardens of bliss.
[22.57] And (as for) those who disbelieve in and reject Our communications, these it is who shall have a disgraceful chastisement.
[22.58] And (as for) those who fly in God's way and are then slain or die, God will most certainly grant them a goodly sustenance, and most surely God is the best Giver of sustenance.
[22.59] He will certainly cause them to enter a place of entrance which they shall be well pleased with, and most surely God is Knowing, Forbearing.
[22.60] That (shall be so); and he who retaliates with the like of that with which he has been afflicted and he has been oppressed, God will most certainly aid him; most surely.God is Pardoning, Forgiving.
[22.61] That is because God causes the night to enter into the day and causes the day to enter into the night, and because God is Hearing, Seeing.
[22.62] That is because God is the Truth, and that what they call upon besides Him-- that is the falsehood, and because God is the High, the Great.
[22.63] Do you not see that God sends down water from the cloud so the earth becomes green? Surely God is Benignant, Aware.
[22.64] His is whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth; and most surely God is the Self-sufficient, the Praised.
[22.65] Do you not see that God has made subservient to you whatsoever is in the earth and the ships running in the sea by His command? And He withholds the heaven from falling on the earth except with His permission; most surely God is Compassionate, Merciful to men.
[22.66] And He it is Who has brought you to life, then He will cause you to die, then bring you to life (again); most surely man is ungrateful.
[22.67] To every nation We appointed acts of devotion which they observe, therefore they should not dispute with you about the matter and call to your Lord; most surely you are on a right way.
[22.68] And if they contend with you, say: God best knows what you do.
[22.69] God will judge between you on the day of resurrection respecting that in which you differ.
[22.70] Do you not know that God knows what is in the heaven and the earth? Surely this is in a book; surely this is easy to God.
[22.71] And they serve besides God that for which He has not sent any authority, and that of which they have no knowledge; and for the unjust there shall be no helper.
[22.72] And when Our clear communications are recited to them you will find denial on the faces of those who disbelieve; they almost spring upon those who recite to them Our communications. Say: Shall I inform you of what is worse than this? The fire; God has promised it to those who disbelieve; and how evil the resort!
[22.73] O people! a parable is set forth, therefore listen to it: surely those whom you call upon besides God cannot create fly, though they should all gather for it, and should the fly snatch away anything from them, they could not take it back from i weak are the invoker and the invoked.
[22.74] They have not estimated God with the estimation that i due to Him; most surely God is Strong, Mighty.
[22.75] God chooses messengers from among the angels and from among the men; surely God is Hearing, Seeing.
[22.76] He knows what is before them and what is behind them and to God are all affairs turned back.
[22.77] O you who believe! bow down and prostrate yourselves and serve your Lord, and do.good that you may succeed.
[22.78] And strive hard in (the way of) God, (such) a striving a is due to Him; He has chosen you and has not laid upon you an hardship in religion; the faith of your father Ibrahim; He named you Muslims before and in this, that the Apostle may be a bearer of witness to you, and you may be bearers of witness to the people; therefore keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate and hold fast by God; He is your Guardian; how excellent the Guardian and how excellent the Helper!
 


The Clans

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[33.1] O Prophet! be careful of (your duty to) God and do not comply with (the wishes of) the unbelievers and the hypocrites; surely God is Knowing, Wise;
[33.2] And follow what is revealed to you from your Lord; surely God is Aware of what you do;
[33.3] And rely on God; and God is sufficient for a Protector.
[33.4] God has not made for any man two hearts within him; nor has He made your wives whose backs you liken to the backs of your mothers as your mothers, nor has He made those whom you assert to be your sons your real sons; these are the words of your mouths; and God speaks the truth and He guides to the way.
[33.5] Assert their relationship to their fathers; this is more equitable with God; but if you do not know their fathers, then they are your brethren in faith and your friends; and there is no blame on you concerning that in which you made a mistake, but (concerning) that which your hearts do purposely (blame may rest on you), and God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[33.6] The Prophet has a greater claim on the faithful than they have on themselves, and his wives are (as) their mothers; and the possessors of relationship have the better claim in the ordinance of God to inheritance, one with respect to another, than (other) believers, and (than) those who have fled (their homes), except that you do some good to your friends; this is written in the Book.
[33.7] And when We made a covenant with the prophets and with you, and with Nuh and Ibrahim and Moses and Jesus, son of Mary, and We made with them a strong covenant
[33.8] That He may question the truthful of their truth, and He has prepared for the unbelievers a painful punishment.
[33.9] O you who believe! call to mind the favor of God to you when there came down upon you hosts, so We sent against them a strong wind and hosts, that you saw not, and God is Seeing what you do.
[33.10] When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes turned dull, and the hearts rose up to the throats, and you began to think diverse thoughts of God.
[33.11] There the believers were tried and they were shaken with severe shaking.
[33.12] And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts was a disease began to say: God and His Apostle did not promise us (victory) but only to deceive.
[33.13] And when a party of them said: O people of Yasrib! there IS no place to stand for you (here), therefore go back; and a party of them asked permission of the prophet, saying. Surely our houses are exposed; and they were not exposed; they only desired to fly away.
[33.14] And if an entry were made upon them from the outlying parts of it, then they were asked to wage war, they would certainly have done it, and they would not have stayed in it but a little while.
[33.15] And certainly they had made a covenant with God before, that) they would not turn (their) backs; and God's covenant shall be inquired of.
[33.16] Say: Flight shall not do you any good if you fly from death or slaughter, and in that case you will not be allowed to enjoy yourselves but a little.
[33.17] Say: Who is it that can withhold you from God if He intends to do you evil, rather He intends to show you mercy? And they will not find for themselves besides God any guardian or a helper.
[33.18] God knows indeed those among you who hinder others and those who say to their brethren: Come to us; and they come not to the fight but a little,
[33.19] Being niggardly with respect to you; but when fear comes, you will see them looking to you, their eyes rolling like one swooning because of death; but when the fear is gone they smite you with sharp tongues, being niggardly of the good things. These have not believed, therefore God has made.their doing naught; and this is easy to God.
[33.20] They think the allies are not gone, and if the allies should come (again) they would fain be in the deserts with the desert Arabs asking for news about you, and if they were among you they would not fight save a little.
[33.21] Certainly you have in the Apostle of God an excellent exemplar for him who hopes in God and the latter day and remembers God much.
[33.22] And when the believers saw the allies, they said: This is what God and His Apostle promised us, and God and His Apostle spoke the truth; and it only increased them in faith and submission.
[33.23] Of the believers are men who are true to the covenant which they made with God: so of them is he who accomplished his vow, and of them is he who yet waits, and they have not changed in the least
[33.24] That God may reward the truthful for their truth, and punish the hypocrites if He please or turn to them (mercifully); surely God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[33.25] And God turned back the unbelievers in their rage; they did not obtain any advantage, and God sufficed the believers in fighting; and God is Strong, Mighty.
[33.26] And He drove down those of the followers of the Book who backed them from their fortresses and He cast awe into their hearts; some you killed and you took captive another part.
[33.27] And He made you heirs to their land and their dwellings and their property, and (to) a land which you have not yet trodden, and God has power over all things.
[33.28] O Prophet! say to your wives: If you desire this world's life and its adornment, then come, I will give you a provision and allow you to depart a goodly departing
[33.29] And if you desire God and His Apostle and the latter abode, then surely God has prepared for the doers of good among you a mighty reward.
[33.30] O wives of the prophet! whoever of you commits an open indecency, the punishment shall be increased to her doubly; and this IS easy to God.
[33.31] And whoever of you is obedient to God and His Apostle and does good, We will give to her her reward doubly, and We have prepared for her an honorable sustenance.
[33.32] O wives of the Prophet! you are not like any other of the women; If you will be on your guard, then be not soft in (your) speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease yearn; and speak a good word.
[33.33] And stay in your houses and do not display your finery like the displaying of the ignorance of yore; and keep up prayer, and pay the poor-rate, and obey God and His Apostle. God only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying.
[33.34] And keep to mind what is recited in your houses of the communications of God and the wisdom; surely God is Knower of subtleties, Aware.
[33.35] Surely the men who submit and the women who submit, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obeying men and the obeying women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women and the humble men and the humble women, and the almsgiving men and the almsgiving women, and the fasting men and the fasting women, and the men who guard their private parts and the women who guard, and the men who remember God much and the women who remember-- God has prepared for them forgiveness and a mighty reward.
[33.36] And it behoves not a believing man and a believing woman that they should have any choice in their matter when God and His Apostle have decided a matter; and whoever disobeys God and His Apostle, he surely strays off a manifest straying.
[33.37] And when you said to him to whom God had shown favor and to whom you had shown a favor: Keep your wife to yourself and be careful of (your duty to) God; and you concealed in your soul what God would bring to light, and you feared men, and God had a greater right that you should fear Him. But when Zaid had accomplished his want of her, We gave her to you as a wife, so that there should be no difficulty for the believers in respect of the wives of their adopted sons, when they have accomplished their want of them; and God's command shall be performed.
[33.38] There is no harm in the Prophet doing that which God has ordained for him; such has been the course of God with respect to those who have gone before; and the command of God is a decree that is made absolute:
[33.39] Those who deliver the messages of God and fear Him, and do not fear any one but God; and God is sufficient to take account.
[33.40] Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Apostle of God and the Last of the prophets; and God is cognizant of all things.
[33.41] O you who believe! remember God, remembering frequently,
[33.42] And glorify Him morning and evening.
[33.43] He it is Who sends His blessings on you, and (so do) His angels, that He may bring you forth out of utter darkness into the light; and He is Merciful to the believers.
[33.44] Their salutation on the day that they meet Him shall be, Peace, and He has prepared for them an honourable reward.
[33.45] O Prophet! surely We have sent you as a witness, and as a bearer of good news and as a warner,
[33.46] And as one inviting to God by His permission, and as a light-giving torch.
[33.47] And give to the believers the good news that they shall have a great grace from God.
[33.48] And be not compliant to the unbelievers and the hypocrites, and leave unregarded their annoying talk, and rely on God; and God is sufficient as a Protector.
[33.49] O you who believe! when you marry the believing women, then divorce them before you touch them, you have in their case no term which you should reckon; so make some provision for them and send them forth a goodly sending forth.
[33.50] O Prophet! surely We have made lawful to you your wives whom you have given their dowries, and those whom your right hand possesses out of those whom God has given to you as prisoners of war, and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts, and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who fled with you; and a believing woman if she gave herself to the Prophet, if the Prophet desired to marry her-- specially for you, not for the (rest of) believers; We know what We have ordained for them concerning their wives and those whom their right hands possess in order that no blame may attach to you; and God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[33.51] You may put off whom you please of them, and you may take to you whom you please, and whom you desire of those whom you had separated provisionally; no blame attaches to you; this is most proper, so that their eyes may be cool and they may not grieve, and that they should be pleased, all of them with what you give them, and God knows what is in your hearts; and God is Knowing, Forbearing.
[33.52] It is not allowed to you to take women afterwards, nor that you should change them for other wives, though their beauty be pleasing to you, except what your right hand possesses and God is Watchful over all things.
[33.53] O you who believe! do not enter the houses of the Prophet unless permission is given to you for a meal, not waiting for its cooking being finished-- but when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken the food, then disperse-- not seeking to listen to talk; surely this gives the Prophet trouble, but he forbears from you, and God does not forbear from the truth And when you ask of them any goods, ask of them from behind a curtain; this is purer for your hearts and (for) their hearts; and it does not behove you that you should give trouble to the Apostle of God, nor that you should marry his wives after him ever; surely this is grievous in the sight of God.
[33.54] If you do a thing openly or do it in secret, then surely God is Cognizant of all things.
[33.55] There is no blame on them in respect of their fathers, nor their brothers, nor their brothers' sons, nor their sisters' sons nor their own women, nor of what their right hands possess; and be careful of (your duty to) God; surely God is a witness of all things.
[33.56] Surely God and His angels bless the Prophet; O you who believe! call for (Divine) blessings on him and salute him with a (becoming) salutation.
[33.57] Surely (as for) those who speak evil things of God and His Apostle, God has cursed them in this world and the here after, and He has prepared for them a chastisement bringing disgrace.
[33.58] And those who speak evil things of the believing men and the believing women without their having earned (it), they are guilty indeed of a false accusation and a manifest sin.
[33.59] O Prophet! say to your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers that they let down upon them their over-garments; this will be more proper, that they may be known, and thus they will not be given trouble; and God is Forgiving, Merciful.
[33.60] If the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease and the agitators in the city do not desist, We shall most certainly set you over them, then they shall not be your neighbors in it but for a little while;
[33.61] Cursed: wherever they are found they shall be seized and murdered, a (horrible) murdering.
[33.62] (Such has been) the course of God with respect to those who have gone before; and you shall not find any change in the course of God.
[33.63] Men ask you about the hour; say: The knowledge of it is only with God, and what will make you comprehend that the : hour may be nigh.
[33.64] Surely God has cursed the unbelievers and has prepared for them a burning fire,
[33.65] To abide therein for a long time; they shall not find a protector or a helper.
[33.66] On the day when their faces shall be turned back into the fire, they shall say: O would that we had obeyed God and obeyed the Apostle!
[33.67] And they shall say: O our Lord! surely we obeyed our leaders and our great men, so they led us astray from the path;
[33.68] O our Lord! give them a double punishment and curse them with a great curse.
[33.69] O you who believe! be not like those who spoke evil things of Moses, but God cleared him of what they said, and he was worthy of regard with God.
[33.70] O you who believe! be careful of(your duty to) God and speak the right word,
[33.71] He will put your deeds into a right state for you, and forgive you your faults; and whoever obeys God and His Apostle, he indeed achieves a mighty success.
[33.72] Surely We offered the trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they refused to be unfaithful to it and feared from it, and man has turned unfaithful to it; surely he is unjust, ignorant;
[33.73] So God will chastise the hypocritical men and the hypocritical women and the polytheistic men and the polytheistic women, and God will turn (mercifully) to the believing women, and God is Forgiving, Merciful.
 


Noah

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[71.1] I sent Noah to his people. "Warn your people before a painful punishment falls on them," I said.
[71.2] So he told them: "My people! I am warning you
[71.3] That you must serve God, be mindful of him and obey me
[71.4] So that he will forgive your mistakes and spare you until the appointed time that cannot be delayed. If only you knew!"

[71.5] He said: Lord, I have warned my people by night and day,
[71.6] But the more I warn them, the more they run from me.
[71.7] Whenever I tell them that you may forgive them, they stick their fingers in their ears, or cover their heads to avoid me, and keep going on their arrogant way.
[71.8] I have tried shouting at them.
[71.9] I have tried public speaking and also talking in private.
[71.10] I said, "Ask forgiveness of your Lord, for he is most merciful.
[71.11] He will send clouds and pour down an abundance of rain
[71.12] To make gardens and rivers for you. He will give you wealth and sons.
[71.13] How can you fail to respect the power of God?
[71.14] He created you step by step.
[71.15] You can see how he made the seven heavens, one above another,
[71.16] And put up the moon for a light, and the sun as a lamp.
[71.17] And he made you sprout out of the earth like a plant.
[71.18] He will return you to the earth and bring you out again.
[71.19] He has made the earth a great expanse for you
[71.20] So that you may walk its wide paths."

[71.21] Noah said: My Lord, they have disobeyed me and pursued wealth and children that bring them nothing but ruin.
[71.22] Their leaders have a grand strategy.
[71.23] They say: Do not leave your gods. Do not leave Wadd, or Suwa, Yaghus Yauq or Nasr.
[71.24] These erroneous ones have led many astray. Lord, bring them an increase only in confusion!

[71.25] For their errors, they were drowned, and sent to the fire. They found no one to help them against God.

[71.26] And Noah said: My Lord! leave not one unbeliever living upon the land.
[71.27] For if you spare them they will mislead your servants and beget only more ungrateful and unbelieving children.
[71.28] Lord! forgive me and my parents and any believer who enters my house. Forgive the believing men and the believing women; and do not reward the unjust in anything but destruction!


The Unity

In the name of God, the compassionate, the forgiving.

[112.1] Say: God is one.
[112.2] All depend on him..
[112.3] None are born to him, nor was he born to any parent.
[112.4] Nor is there any like him.


Instructor: Gary.Gutchess@sln.suny.edu 
Copyright  2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alif Lam Mim:
meaning unknown.

 

 

 

 

 

 

minds =  literally, hearts. The heart was believed to be the seat of understanding, so the translation here is minds.

 

 

 

 

 

bad spirits = can be taken to mean devils or servants of Satan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Caliph = successor. The Caliphs succeeded Muhammad as heads of state.

 

 

All knowledge comes
from God.

 

Iblis = identified with Shaitan, leader of disobedient angels.

 

bad spirit = Shaitan

 

 

 

 


Children of Israel= Muhammad speaks as a Jewish prophet to the Israelites


 

Alms-tax = tithing at a prescribed rate was a duty imposed on believers and nonbelievers. Funds were collected and distributed by the prophet.

 

 

 

Pharaoh's people = Egypt. See Book of Exodus

 

 

 

Kill the faithless among you = infidels in the midst of believing Jews are to be killed despite the Lord's commandment against killing.

 


 

 

Accepted a different word = inauthentic transcription of God's word is a source of punishment. From this idea comes the Islamic tradition that religious study of the Qur'an should be based entirely on the original Arabic text.

Heavenly food is contrasted with earthly food, nomadic lifestyle (unpolluted land) with agricultural lifestyle (as practiced in Egypt where there is disease).

 

Sabians = a monotheistic Near Eastern sect that practiced Baptism, believed in the prophets and followed a book called the Zabuur. They had come under Muslim rule by about 639 AD.

 

 

 

cow =the name of this sura comes from this episode, referring to the Hebrew worship of the golden calf (an Egyptian deity) during their exodus from Egypt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Muhammad has rival prophets who are seeking to make money and who are teaching easier beliefs.

 

 

 

 

 

one another's blood = apparently an injunction against killing others in the community, not against killing outsiders. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jews are cursed for denying the prophet.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

Harut and Marut = angels who taught the Magi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Wdd, or Suwa, Yaghus Yauq or Nasr: gods of the non-Muslims.