4: The Library
5: The Apology
9: Exam Prep
10: Plato Exam
12: Research 101
14: the Librarian
15: the Web
17: Joy of Research
20: Review the Plan:
22: Dr E's Grammar
23: Peer Review
24: Hit Parade
About the Exam
26: Mock Final
27: Exam Prep
This Penguin edition of The Last Days of Socrates from 1993 says,
on the back cover: "The cover shows a bust of Socrates in the
Louvre, Paris." Actually, the famous bust is the ancient Greek poet
Homer. Penguin finally caught its embarrassing error and reissued the
book with a new cover in 2002. On the internet, however, dozens of these
pictures of "Socrates" remain, and new ones continue to be
produced, as web site authors blindly copy and copy and copy. . .
what if Socrates actually could be reborn 300 years before he died? Is
reverse-incarnation true? Surely this is a good research question for
investigation on the internet. Could we someday be reborn as Socrates or
King Arthur or Queen Victoria or Mary Todd Lincoln? Would we remember
our stories from our readings in a "past" life? Would we have
no power to alter those stories? Would we see that history is our fate
or that it is completely meaningless? Let's take a chatroom poll to find
the Information Stuporhiway
an "eLecture" ? It's only a collection of links that requires
you to guess whether it has meaning and, if so, what it possibly could
be. This is one of the latest innovations in self-service education. If
you take a course by eLecture at the U-Learn, just hope that some of the
links aren't dead.
So where do we get started?
Library's Gateway, the cosmos is divided into three regions:
Databases (which we explored in our Library Assignments), Books
& Media (which we surfed in the
Day 13 Lecture), and somewhere far more strange than my
generation ever knew, Internet
Resources. At last we have arrived at this third part of
space, the newest and most dangerous region in our universe of sources.
So watch out for worms, get out your lazer guns, and prepare to beam
down! Or up?
web pages worldwide now number in billions, the internet is easily the
most confusing place to do serious research. Our brains are no more
adapted for coping on the 'Net than on Neptune. The internet provides
more ways to get distracted and lost in information, and misinformation,
than ever before in human history. We can hope to search successfully in
this alien environment only with the help of the best search engines and
following general sites are among those that are the most valuable for
academic work. Have a look through the list. Browse to find additional
sources for your research project. You may be surprised at what you see!
Search Engines (for
important searches try using more than one)
: not all, but over 3 billion pages, including many non-USA sites.
Alta Vista : good
search features here, but the directory is commercial.
Google : the US
internet standard, but advertisers to pay for listings, so search
results are commercially biased
Archive: Wayback Machine : oldies but goodies,
snapshots of the web back to 1996.
: improves search results using site rankings by number of links on same
subject webs. Good concept.
: uses clustering technology for improved search results. (Makes sense
Engines (for results
compiled from general search engines)
: allows plain English inquiries; a meta-search engine that looks at
results from other search engines
Dogpile : good
search features available through "advanced search"
Subject Directories and Guides
directories and lists of databases organized by topic
Directory: Reference standard internet directory but
biased by commercial interests
collections of academic databases
Internet Public Library
juvenile focus, great for youngsters
to the Internet catalog of sources organized by
Library of Congress and Library
of Congress Online Catalog what a few billion
in tax revenues can buy!
Library Servers via WWW a directory of library web
sites. You may never return from here
Reference (and writing
Acronym lookup template (ALT): Acronym
Dictionary : Cambridge
Dictionaries Online, Merriam-Webster,
Familiar Quotations (1919),
Reference desks: Martindale's
Reference Desk, Refdesk.com,
II: The New Thesaurus
the Biography Resource (very uneven
Manual of Medical Information,
to Law Online, Cornell
Legal Information Institute
New York State government: NYS
government information locator
Science Foundation, Nova
United Nations: UN.Org;
for countries see also Library of Congress
to the World
US government portal: FirstGov
World information (CIA): World
Library Gateway Listings by Degree Program
Graphic Design and
Travel and Tourism
Media organizations: ABC
with annoying popup ads BBC
News magazines: Time
with annoying popup ads, US
News & World Report & similar ads,
hope that some of these links are helpful. Perhaps you can
suggest others that ought to be included in this list.
Socrates in cyberland
instance, what can we learn about Socrates on the Internet?
of all, we learn that there are lots of books about him for sale. Most
hits are book ads or ads for ready-made student term papers. (There's
even a Platopapers.com
site for purist Platonic plagiarists.)
Occasionally there's a high end ad with a little book discussion,
Trial of Socrates." Radio National Encounter. Australian
Broadcasting Corporation. 16 Apr 2000. 2 Mar 2004.
> This is a radio interview with several professors who have
written or edited books on the subject.
Stone Breaks the Socrates' Story." < http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/
> Washington muckraker I.F. Stone reveals the strong personal
biases that underly his best selling book on Socrates.
also learn that people have other fantasies about Socrates that they
want to sell to the public:
Becker, The Last Days of Socrates: (a Xena
Warrior Princess screenplay).
musical (in Arabic): Mansour
Rahbani's The Last Days of Socrates.
personal trainer and business consultant: Ron
Gross, Socrates' Way: Seven Keys to Using Your Mind to the Utmost.
Everyone I met in the streets
of 5th century Athens seemed to be using "conventional
wisdom" instead of thinking things through for themselves. The
trouble was, these commonplaces all have their contraries: If you
cite "Fools rush in where angels fear to tread," I can
counter with "He who hesitates is lost." You cannot fall
back on received wisdom to guide your life. Do you have ways to
think your own thoughts?
learn that you can summarize "the last days of Socrates" on
one page--and have room left over where you can ask for money:
Days of Socrates by Plato." The Great Books Foundation.
2 Mar 2004. <http://www.greatbooks.org/library/guides/plato.shtml>
This site sells books and courses and conferences and volunteers,
and it solicits financial support.
Fernando. "Plato-The Death of Socrates." Notas por
Fernando Bonsembiante. 2 Mar 2004 < http://303.ubik.to/socrates.html
> Here's a quick one page retelling of Phaedo, with
the ideas removed for easier reading.
of course we learn extraordinary new facts about Socrates and the
continues his relation of the last days of Socrates by presenting
him in the days immediately following the trial in his "The
Last Days of Socrates." Age-of-the-Sage.Org. 2 Mar 2004.
This site also accepts money from you, if you are good enough to be
a charitable person!
cursed be Socrates, Plato, and all the "intellectual"
petty Hitlers, Stalins, FDRs and other big-government butt kissers
since. "Socrates Had It
Coming." Patrick Henry on Line. 2 Mar 2004 < http://users.mo-net.com/mlindste/socrates.html
> The internet is a great place to rave. The search engines
actually listen! And now, for the times that you can't be on the
internet, you can buy Mr. Henry's CD!.
limbaugh, plato, socrates and rush limbaugh rush limbaugh, plato,
socrates and rush limbaugh would've gotten along on the jolly roger.
plato, socrates and rush limbaugh plato, socrates and rush limbaugh
would've gotten along on the jolly roger. plato, socrates and rush
limbaugh plato, socrates and rush limbaugh would've gotten along on
the jolly roger.Jolly
Roger.com 3 Mar 2004 < http://jollyroger.com/platosocratesrushlimbaugh.html
> An anonymous contributor to an anonymous page in an unattended
internet cafe pasted a page full of nonsense repetitions that Yahoo,
Alta Vista and Metacrawler found worthy of attention in searches for
Plato and Socrates.
was a very famous philosopher in ancient Greek
times. Philosophy students still study the thinking of Socrates
today. He believed that we should pursue the truth, because
ultimately knowledge was something strong and we would make better
decisions by knowing the truth. Untitled.
Our House: Barry's List. 3 Mar 2004. < http://www.fastbk.com/barryslist/eight.htm
> A lot of kids like to publish their wisdom online; a search
engine never enquires about the age of the author.
learn that some amateurs spend a lot of time developing sites on
Socrates, and they may even use academic or quasi-academic citation:
Sanderson. "Confucious and Socrates: The Teaching of
Wisdom." Literary Works of Sanderson Beck. 2 Mar 2004
This is part of a site that teaches "spiritual philosophy"
and advocates nonviolence. Beck is seeking the democratic party's
nomination for President.
Bernard. Plato and His Dialogues. 2 Jan 2004. 3 Mar 2004.
> Suzanne is a French banker who develops this well-regarded site
as a hobby.
sadly we learn that there aren't many sophisticated academic sources, as
academics have chosen mainly to resist putting their teachings out there
on the internet free of charge.
(What would Socrates think about that?) There are of course a few
extraordinary exceptions, such as:
Kent and Norm Freund. "The Last Days of Socrates." Clarke
College Philosophy Department. 26 Jun. 2004 < http://socrates.clarke.edu/
Charles. "Plato on Rhetoric and Poetry." Stanford
Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 22 Dec 2003. 26 Jun 2004
Marilyn. "The Trial and Death of Socrates: Background
Materials." 16 Jun. 2004 < http://mkatz.web.wesleyan.edu/socrates/
David. "Agana Belea and the Death of Socrates." The
Proceedings of the Friesian School. 26 Jun 2004 < http://www.friesian.com/ravitch.htm
> This lecture is but one of many on the Friesian site.
So what's the bottom line?
The internet can be much simpler than it looks.
Occasionally you can find a gem that you weren't looking for. such as::
your professor probably wasn't looking for it, either.
for Lesson 16: add three
more sources, and whatever else you want, to your research journal (as assigned
in Lesson 12.)
Would Socrates love it on the web!
The internet was invented by former US Vice President Al Gore. You can
learn this interesting factoid and ten billion others simply by spending
the rest of your life on your browser with an army of dedicated research
associates in your pay. But what's a factoid? A piece edu-tainment? Do
you believe in it?