worth 1 course credit point

This exercise came about after a class in which I had described Socrates' almost super-human ability to endure hardship. I mentioned a story that Plato tells about how Socrates went on military campaign in the mountains of Greece in winter with no boots. His fellow soldiers were amazed that he could stand guard duty all night in the snow without foot protection. They thought he must be a god. 

After I told this moving story, a couple of jokers in the back of class started hooting: "No way! That's impossible! Only suckers would believe a story like that!" I didn't know how to answer them, except to tell them to try it! This class upset me so much that I went home and turned on ProQuest to find out whether in fact it is possible for any human being to do what Plato said Socrates did. . .

Use Hacker's A Pocket Style Manual and any other books or notes you please to answer this quiz.

HELP! During the last hurricane, a big tree limb fell and struck Dr. G on the noggin. Now he remembers how to summarize sources using signal phrases, but he has forgotten completely how to make a Works Cited list! What a strange mechanism the brain is, eh? Anyway, without your help, he never will publish his article on "Socrates and the Perfection of Consciousness," so he never will qualify for TC3's health insurance!

Four source summaries (in ugly typewriter type face) from Dr G's unfinished manuscript appear below. The ProQuest headings from the three sources appear below the summaries; Dr. G found the sources in ProQuest and InfoTrac through the Electronic Databases page of the TC3 Library website on September 20, 2003. Please use this source information to complete a works cited list that contains the four sources.

Dr. G's Source Summaries with Signal Phrases

Dillon points out many parallels between Socrates and Buddha; they were almost exact contemporaries who died happily by poisoning while teaching their students quite similar doctrines, above all the idea that truth is all-important                         

Socrates' ability in a trance-like state to endure all-night contact of his skin with snow appears to be paralleled in the traditional Buddhist practice of tummo.  As O'Connell observed, monks in tummo meditate through the night, naked in snow; their meditations melt away the snow by raising their body temperatures        

According to Myslinski, with the use of skin temperature monitoring devices to provide biofeedback, sufferers of circulatory problems, such as Raynaud's disease and migraine headaches, can reduce pain by consciously regulating their blood flow

Gocer describes Socrates' opinion that pain destroys the soul 


Dr. G's Sources (the first pages from ProQuest or InfoTrac)

The following article has been sent by a user at TOMPKINS CORTLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE via ProQuest, an information service of the ProQuest Company

Using the brain to conquer pain
The World & I
Feb 2003
  Norbert R Myslinski
Volume:  18
Issue:  2
Pagination:  133-139
ISSN:  08879346
Subject Terms: Pain, Pain management, Emotions, Cognition & reasoning

Abstract:  Virtually everyone has experienced pain. The primary goal in treating pain should always be to eliminate the cause. The best results come from mending the injury or controlling the disease. On the other hand, most therapies activate other circuits that lead to the inhibition of pain. Others activate nerve pathways involved in such functions as touch sensation, attention focusing, emotion, and cognition.

Copyright Washington Times Corporation Feb 2003

The following article has been sent by a user at TOMPKINS CORTLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE via ProQuest, an information service of the ProQuest Company

Dialogues with death: The last days of Socrates and the Buddha
Philosophy East and West
Oct 2000
Authors: Matthew Dillion
Volume: 50
Issue: 4
Pagination: 525-558
ISSN: 00318221

Subject Terms: Philosophy, Philosophers, Buddhism, Soul, Literary criticism

Personal Names: Socrates (470?-399 BC)

Abstract: A comparison of Plato's "Phaedo" and the "Mahaparanibbana Sutta" of the Pali Canon juxtaposes the character and the teachings of Socrates and the Buddha as revealed by both texts, set just before their deaths. Dillion discusses similarities of technique, personality and doctrine. 

Copyright University Press of Hawaii Oct 2000



The following article has been sent by a user at TOMPKINS CORTLAND COMMUNITY COLLEGE via ProQuest, an information service of the ProQuest Company

I think, therefore I am warm
The Guardian
Jun 3, 1999
Pagination: 102
Subject Terms: Meditation, Buddhism, Temperature, Research

Abstract: Meditation is reported to keep a naked man from freezing in the snow.  Sanjida O'Connell looks at the neuroscience of zen.

InfoTrac Web: InfoTrac OneFile. Article A20368324

Ancient Philosophy, Fall 1997 v17 n2 p283(7)

Socrates on personal survival and politics. Asli Gocer.

Abstract: Socrates advises those who seek justice to refrain from participating in politics if they want to survive. Socrates claims that salvation in life depends upon choices of pleasures and pain. Wrong choices can not only kill a person, but destroy one's soul. Staying away from politics will not only protect the body, but personal survival through the soul.